How to Write a Server
This tutorial is being created to document what it takes to write a stand-alone server to interact with Notchian clients. The tutorial is incomplete but will be updated whenever more information is discovered.
Before You Get Started
- Make sure you don't want to fork or join an existing project.
- Wonder why you want to do this in the first place.
- Choose a language that has good networking, like Java, C#, or Python. (If you want to be different, choose a faster language like C or Rust!)
If you're not using a wrapper/library
If you're not using a wrapper/library, then you'll need to do all the dirty work by hand.
Accepting TCP Packets
The Minecraft server accepts connections from TCP clients and communicates with them using packets. A packet is a sequence of bytes sent over the TCP connection. The meaning of a packet depends both on its packet ID and the current state of the connection. The initial state of each connection is Handshaking, and state is switched using the packets Handshake (Handshaking, 0x00, serverbound) and Login Success (Login, 0x02, clientbound). You can read more about Minecraft Packets on the Protocol page.
Your server needs to accept a Handshake(0x00 with state=1) and a Request packet, which you'll respond with a Response packet including JSON detailing the server. You can rad more about this on the Server List Ping page.