Difference between revisions of "Pre-release protocol"

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Revision as of 19:30, 10 July 2019

This page documents the changes from the last stable Minecraft release (currently 1.13.2, protocol 404) to the current pre-release (currently 1.14.4 Pre-Release 4, protocol 494). Note that this page contains bleeding-edge information that may not be completely or correctly documented.

One who wishes to commandeer the merging of this into Protocol when an update is made must be sure to respect any changes that may have occurred to the respective packets there.

Contents

Contents

Data types

Position

64-bit value split in to three parts

  • x: 26 MSBs
  • z: 26 LSBs middle bits
  • y: 12 bits between them LSBs

Encoded as followed:

((x & 0x3FFFFFF) << 38) | ((y & 0xFFF) << 26) | (z & 0x3FFFFFF) ((z & 0x3FFFFFF) << 12) | (y & 0xFFF)

And decoded as:

val = read_unsigned_long();
x = val >> 38;
y = (val >> 26) & 0xFFF val & 0xFFF;
z = val << 38 >> 38 (val << 26 >> 38);

Note: The details of bit shifting are rather language dependent; the above may work in Java but probably won't in other languages without some tweaking. In particular, you will usually receive positive numbers even if the actual coordinates are negative. This can be fixed by adding something like the following:

if x >= 2^25 { x -= 2^26 }
if y >= 2^11 { y -= 2^12 }
if z >= 2^25 { z -= 2^26 }

Particle

Particle Name Particle ID Data
minecraft:falling_lava 10 None
minecraft:landing_lava 11 None
minecraft:dripping_water 10 12 None
minecraft:falling_water 13 None
minecraft:dust 11 14 None
minecraft:effect 12 15 None
minecraft:elder_guardian 13 16 None
minecraft:enchanted_hit 14 17 None
minecraft:enchant 15 18 None
minecraft:end_rod 16 19 None
minecraft:entity_effect 17 20 None
minecraft:explosion_emitter 18 21 None
minecraft:explosion 19 22 None
minecraft:falling_dust 20 23 None
minecraft:firework 21 24 None
minecraft:fishing 22 25 None
minecraft:flame 23 26 None
minecraft:flash 27 None
minecraft:happy_villager 24 28 None
minecraft:composter 29 None
minecraft:heart 25 30 None
minecraft:instant_effect 26 31 None
minecraft:item 27 32 None
minecraft:item_slime 28 33 None
minecraft:item_snowball 29 34 None
minecraft:large_smoke 30 35 None
minecraft:lava 31 36 None
minecraft:mycelium 32 37 None
minecraft:note 33 38 None
minecraft:poof 34 39 None
minecraft:portal 35 40 None
minecraft:rain 36 41 None
minecraft:smoke 37 42 None
minecraft:sneeze 43 None
minecraft:spit 38 44 None
minecraft:squid_ink 39 45 None
minecraft:sweep_attack 40 46 None
minecraft:totem_of_undying 41 47 None
minecraft:underwater 42 48 None
minecraft:splash 43 49 None
minecraft:witch 44 50 None
minecraft:bubble_pop 45 51 None
minecraft:current_down 46 52 None
minecraft:bubble_column_up 47 53 None
minecraft:nautilus 48 54 None
minecraft:dolphin 49 55 None
minecraft:campfire_cosy_smoke 56 None
minecraft:campfire_signal_smoke 57 None

Packets

ID Packet name Documentation
Handshaking serverbound
0x00 Handshake Current Pre
Play clientbound
0x00 Spawn Object Current Pre
0x01 Spawn Experience Orb Current (unchanged)
0x02 Spawn Global Entity Current (unchanged)
0x03 Spawn Mob Current (unchanged)
0x04 Spawn Painting Current (unchanged)
0x05 Spawn Player Current (unchanged)
0x06 Animation (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x07 Statistics Current (unchanged)
0x08 Block Break Animation Current (unchanged)
0x09 Update Block Entity Current Pre
0x0A Block Action Current (unchanged)
0x0B Block Change Current (unchanged)
0x0C Boss Bar Current (unchanged)
0x0D Server Difficulty Current Pre
0x0E Chat Message (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x0F Multi Block Change Current (unchanged)
0x10 Tab-Complete (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x11 Declare Commands Current (unchanged)
0x12 Confirm Transaction (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x13 Close Window (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x15 0x14 Window Items Current (unchanged)
0x16 0x15 Window Property Current (unchanged)
0x17 0x16 Set Slot Current (unchanged)
0x18 0x17 Set Cooldown Current (unchanged)
0x19 0x18 Plugin Message (clientbound) Current Pre
0x1A 0x19 Named Sound Effect Current (unchanged)
0x1B 0x1A Disconnect (play) Current (unchanged)
0x1C 0x1B Entity Status Current (unchanged)
0x1E 0x1C Explosion Current (unchanged)
0x1F 0x1D Unload Chunk Current (unchanged)
0x20 0x1E Change Game State Current (unchanged)
0x1F Open Horse Window Pre
0x21 0x20 Keep Alive (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x22 0x21 Chunk Data Current Pre
0x23 0x22 Effect Current (unchanged)
0x24 0x23 Particle Current (unchanged)
0x24 Update Light Pre
0x25 Join Game Current Pre
0x26 Map Data Current Pre
0x27 Trade List Pre
0x28 Entity Relative Move Current (unchanged)
0x29 Entity Look And Relative Move Current (unchanged)
0x2A Entity Look Current (unchanged)
0x27 0x2B Entity Current (unchanged)
0x2B 0x2C Vehicle Move (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x2D Open Book Pre
0x14 0x2E Open Window Current Pre
0x2C 0x2F Open Sign Editor Current (unchanged)
0x2D 0x30 Craft Recipe Response Current (unchanged)
0x2E 0x31 Player Abilities (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x2F 0x32 Combat Event Current (unchanged)
0x33 Use Bed Current
0x30 0x33 Player Info Current (unchanged)
0x31 0x34 Face Player Current (unchanged)
0x32 0x35 Player Position And Look (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x34 0x36 Unlock Recipes Current (unchanged)
0x35 0x37 Destroy Entities Current (unchanged)
0x36 0x38 Remove Entity Effect Current (unchanged)
0x37 0x39 Resource Pack Send Current (unchanged)
0x38 0x3A Respawn Current Pre
0x39 0x3B Entity Head Look Current (unchanged)
0x3A 0x3C Select Advancement Tab Current (unchanged)
0x3B 0x3D World Border Current (unchanged)
0x3C 0x3E Camera Current (unchanged)
0x3D 0x3F Held Item Change (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x40 Update View Position Pre
0x41 Update View Distance Pre
0x3E 0x42 Display Scoreboard Current (unchanged)
0x3F 0x43 Entity Metadata Current (unchanged)
0x40 0x44 Attach Entity Current (unchanged)
0x41 0x45 Entity Velocity Current (unchanged)
0x42 0x46 Entity Equipment Current (unchanged)
0x43 0x47 Set Experience Current (unchanged)
0x44 0x48 Update Health Current (unchanged)
0x45 0x49 Scoreboard Objective Current (unchanged)
0x46 0x4A Set Passengers Current (unchanged)
0x47 0x4B Teams Current (unchanged)
0x48 0x4C Update Score Current (unchanged)
0x49 0x4D Spawn Position Current (unchanged)
0x4A 0x4E Time Update Current (unchanged)
0x4B 0x4F Title Current (unchanged)
0x50 Entity Sound Effect Current Pre
0x4D 0x51 Sound Effect Current (unchanged)
0x4C 0x52 Stop Sound Current (unchanged)
0x4E 0x53 Player List Header And Footer Current (unchanged)
0x1D 0x54 NBT Query Response Current (unchanged)
0x4F 0x55 Collect Item Current (unchanged)
0x50 0x56 Entity Teleport Current (unchanged)
0x51 0x57 Advancements Current (unchanged)
0x52 0x58 Entity Properties Current (unchanged)
0x53 0x59 Entity Effect Current (unchanged)
0x54 0x5A Declare Recipes Current Pre
0x55 0x5B Tags Current Pre
0x5C Unknown Pre
Play serverbound
0x00 Teleport Confirm Current (unchanged)
0x01 Query Block NBT Current (unchanged)
0x02 Set Difficulty Current Pre
0x02 0x03 Chat Message (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x03 0x04 Client Status Current (unchanged)
0x04 0x05 Client Settings Current (unchanged)
0x05 0x06 Tab-Complete (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x06 0x07 Confirm Transaction (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x07 0x08 Click Window Button Current Pre
0x08 0x09 Click Window Current (unchanged)
0x09 0x0A Close Window (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x0A 0x0B Plugin Message (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x0B 0x0C Edit Book Current (unchanged)
0x0C 0x0D Query Entity NBT Current (unchanged)
0x0D 0x0E Use Entity Current (unchanged)
0x0E 0x0F Keep Alive (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x10 Lock Difficulty Current Pre
0x10 0x11 Player Position Current (unchanged)
0x11 0x12 Player Position And Look (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x12 0x13 Player Look Current (unchanged)
0x0F 0x14 Player Current (unchanged)
0x13 0x15 Vehicle Move (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x14 0x16 Steer Boat Current (unchanged)
0x15 0x17 Pick Item Current (unchanged)
0x16 0x18 Craft Recipe Request Current (unchanged)
0x17 0x19 Player Abilities (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x18 0x1A Player Digging Current (unchanged)
0x19 0x1B Entity Action Current (unchanged)
0x1A 0x1C Steer Vehicle Current (unchanged)
0x1B 0x1D Recipe Book Data Current Pre
0x1C 0x1E Name Item Current (unchanged)
0x1D 0x1F Resource Pack Status Current (unchanged)
0x1E 0x20 Advancement Tab Current (unchanged)
0x1F 0x21 Select Trade Current (unchanged)
0x20 0x22 Set Beacon Effect Current (unchanged)
0x21 0x23 Held Item Change (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x22 0x24 Update Command Block Current (unchanged)
0x23 0x25 Update Command Block Minecart Current (unchanged)
0x24 0x26 Creative Inventory Action Current (unchanged)
0x27 Update Jigsaw Block Pre
0x25 0x28 Update Structure Block Current (unchanged)
0x26 0x29 Update Sign Current (unchanged)
0x27 0x2A Animation (serverbound) Current (unchanged)
0x28 0x2B Spectate Current (unchanged)
0x29 0x2C Player Block Placement Current Pre
0x2A 0x2D Use Item Current (unchanged)

New/modified data types

No changes so far.

Entity Metadata

Warning.png Entity metadata shifted in 19w08a; not all entities are copied here. All subclasses of entity had shift of 1; all subclasses of living had a second shift (2 total). All entities listed in the article have been updated, but there are ones not listed here.

Entity Metadata Format

Note that entity metadata is a totally distinct concept from block metadata. It is not required to send all metadata fields, or even any metadata fields, so long as the terminating entry is correctly sent.

Entity Metadata is an array of entries, each of which looks like the following:

Name Type Meaning
Index Unsigned Byte Unique index key determining the meaning of the following value, see the table below. If this is 0xff then the it is the end of the Entity Metadata array and no more is read.
Type Optional VarInt Enum Only if Index is not 0xff; the type of the index, see the table below
Value Optional value of Type Only if Index is not 0xff: the value of the metadata field
Value of Type field Type of Value field Notes
0 Byte
1 VarInt
2 Float
3 String
4 Chat
5 OptChat (Boolean + Optional Chat) Chat is present if the Boolean is set to true
6 Slot
7 Boolean
8 Rotation 3 floats: rotation on x, rotation on y, rotation on z
9 Position
10 OptPosition (Boolean + Optional Position) Position is present if the Boolean is set to true
11 Direction (VarInt) (Down = 0, Up = 1, North = 2, South = 3, West = 4, East = 5)
12 OptUUID (Boolean + Optional UUID) UUID is present if the Boolean is set to true
13 OptBlockID (VarInt) 0 for absent otherwise, id << 4 | data
14 NBT
15 Particle
16 Villager Data 3 VarInts: villager type, villager profession, level
17 OptVarInt 0 for absent; 1 + actual value otherwise. Used for entity IDs.
18 Pose A VarInt enum: 0: STANDING, 1: FALL_FLYING, 2: SLEEPING, 3: SWIMMING, 4: SPIN_ATTACK, 5: SNEAKING, 6: DYING

Villager type (minecraft:villager_type registry):

Name ID
minecraft:desert 0
minecraft:jungle 1
minecraft:plains 2
minecraft:savanna 3
minecraft:snow 4
minecraft:swamp 5
minecraft:taiga 6

Villager professions (minecraft:villager_profession registry):

Name ID
minecraft:none 0
minecraft:armorer 1
minecraft:butcher 2
minecraft:cartographer 3
minecraft:cleric 4
minecraft:farmer 5
minecraft:fisherman 6
minecraft:fletcher 7
minecraft:leatherworker 8
minecraft:librarian 9
minecraft:mason 10
minecraft:nitwit 11
minecraft:shepherd 12
minecraft:toolsmith 13
minecraft:weaponsmith 14

Mobs

Entity IDs have shifted with the addition of some new mobs.

Entity

The base class.

Index Type Meaning Default
0 Byte Bit mask Meaning 0
0x01 On Fire
0x02 Crouched
0x04 Unused (previously riding)
0x08 Sprinting
0x10 Swimming
0x20 Invisible
0x40 Glowing effect
0x80 Flying with elytra
1 VarInt Air 300
2 OptChat Custom name empty
3 Boolean Is custom name visible false
4 Boolean Is silent false
5 Boolean No gravity false
6 Pose Pose STANDING

Itemed Throwable

Extends Throwable.

Used for all things that previously extended throwable other than potions, which already had an item.

Index Type Meaning Default
7 Slot Item empty (which behaves as if it were a specific item, depending on the subclass)

Egg

Extends Itemed Throwable.

No additional metadata.

An empty item behaves as if the item were a minecraft:egg.

Ender Pearl

Extends Itemed Throwable.

No additional metadata.

An empty item behaves as if the item were a minecraft:ender_pearl.

Experience Bottle

Extends Itemed Throwable.

No additional metadata.

minecraft:experience_bottle

Snowball

Extends Itemed Throwable.

No additional metadata.

minecraft:snowball

Eye of Ender

Extends Entity.

Index Type Meaning Default
7 Slot Item empty (which behaves as if it were a minecraft:ender_eye)

Arrow

Extends Entity.

Abstract base class for TippedArrow (which is used for regular arrows as well as tipped ones) and Spectral Arrow.

Index Type Meaning Default
6 7 Byte Bit mask Meaning 0
0x01 Is critical
0x02 Is noclip (used by loyalty tridents when returning)
7 8 OptUUID Shooter UUID Empty
9 Byte Piercing level 0

TippedArrow

Extends Arrow.

Used for both tipped and regular arrows. If not tipped, then color is set to -1 and no tipped arrow particles are used.

Index Type Meaning Default
8 10 VarInt Color (-1 for no particles) -1

Trident

Extends Arrow.

Index Type Meaning Default
8 10 VarInt Loyalty level (enchantment) 0

Itemed Fireball

Extends Entity.

Used for regular and small fireballs. Not used for dragon fireballs and wither skulls. Interestingly, regular fireballs do not come from an item.

Index Type Meaning Default
7 Slot Item empty (which behaves as if it were a minecraft:fire_charge)

Fireball

Extends Abstract Fireball Itemed Fireball. This is the large fireball shot by ghasts.

No additional metadata.

Small Fireball

Extends Abstract Fireball Itemed Fireball. This is the fireball shot by blazes and dispensers with fire charges.

No additional metadata.

Fireworks

Extends Entity.

Index Type Meaning Default
6 7 Slot Firework info empty
7 8 VarInt OptVarInt Entity ID of entity which used firework (for elytra boosting) 0
9 Boolean Shot at angle (from a crossbow) false

Living

Extends Entity.

Index Type Meaning Default
6 7 Byte Hand states, used to trigger blocking/eating/drinking animation. 0
Bit mask Meaning
0x01 Is hand active
0x02 Active hand (0 = main hand, 1 = offhand)
0x04 In riptide spin attack
7 8 Float Health 1.0
8 9 VarInt Potion effect color (or 0 if there is no effect) 0
9 10 Boolean Is potion effect ambient: reduces the number of particles generated by potions to 1/5 the normal amount false
10 11 VarInt Number of arrows in entity 0
12 OptBlockPos Unknown (Bed location?) Absent

Panda

Extends Animal.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 Integer Breed timer? Set to 32 when something happens, and then counts down to 0 again. At 29 and 14 (before counting down), will play the entity.panda.cant_breed sound event. 0
16 Integer Sneeze timer. Counts up from 0; when it hits 1 the entity.panda.pre_sneeze event plays and when it hits 21 the entity.panda.sneeze event plays (and it is set back to 0 and the sneeze flag is cleared). 0
17 Integer Eat timer. If nonzero, counts upwards. 0
18 Byte Main Gene 0
19 Byte Hidden Gene 0
20 Byte Bit mask Meaning 0
0x01 Unused
0x02 Is sneezing
0x04 Is eating
0x08 Unknown
0x10 Unknown

Fox

Extends Animal.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 VarInt Type (0: red, 1: snow) 0 (red)
16 Byte Bit mask Meaning 0
0x01 Sitting
0x02 Unused
0x04 Crouching
0x08 Unknown
0x10 Unknown
0x20 Sleeping
0x40 Unknown
0x80 Unknown
17 OptUUID First UUID (in UUIDs NBT)? Absent
18 OptUUID Second UUID (in UUIDs NBT)? Absent

Mooshroom

Extends Cow.

No additional metadata.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 String Variant ("red" or "brown") red

Raid Participent

Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning Default
14 boolean Is celebrating false

"Is celebrating" appears to control the pose for vindicators and does not appear to be used by other types.

Abstract Illager

Extends Monster Raid Participent.

Index Type Meaning Default
12 Byte Bit mask Meaning 0
0x01 Has target (aggressive state)

Replaced with pose (presumably?)

Spellcaster Illager

Extends Abstract Illlager.

Index Type Meaning Default
13 15 Byte Spell (0: none, 1: summon vex, 2: attack, 3: wololo, 4: disappear, 5: blindness) 0

EvocationIllager Evoker

Extends Spellcaster Illager.

IllusionIllager Illusioner

Extends Spellcaster Illager.

Pillager

Extends Abstract Illlager.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 Boolean Using crossbow false

VindicationIllager Vindicator

Extends Abstract Illager.

Ravager

Extends Raid Participent

No additional metadata.

Status Description
4 Starts the attack animation.
39 Starts the stun animation.

Witch

Extends Monster Raid Participent.

Index Type Meaning Default
12 15 Boolean Is drinking potion false

AbstractSkeleton

Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning Default
12 14 Boolean Is swinging arms false

Replaced with pose (presumably?)

Zombie

Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning Default
12 14 Boolean Is baby false
13 15 VarInt Unused (previously type) 0
14 Boolean Are hands held up false
15 16 Boolean Is becoming a drowned false

Replaced with pose (presumably?)

Zombie Villager

Extends Zombie.

Index Type Meaning Default
16 17 Boolean Is converting false
17 18 VarInt Villager Data Profession Villager Data 0 Plains/None/1


Ocelot

Extends TameableAnimal Ageable.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 VarInt Type (0 = untamed, 1 = tuxedo, 2 = tabby, 3 = siamese). Used to render regardless as to whether it is tamed or not. 0
15 Boolean Is trusting false
Status Description
40 Spawn smoke particles (trust gaining failed)
41 Spawn heart particles (trust gaining succeeded)

Cat

Extends TameableAnimal.

Index Type Meaning Default
17 VarInt Type (0 = tabby, 1 = black, 2 = red, 3 = siamese, 4 = british_shorthair, 5 = calico, 6 = persian, 7 = ragdoll, 8 = white, 9 = all_black) 1
18 Boolean Unknown false
19 Boolean Unknown false
20 VarInt Collar color (values are those used with dyes) 14 (Red)

Horse

Extends AbstractHorse.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 17 VarInt Variant (Color & Style) 0
16 VarInt Armor (0: none, 1: iron, 2: gold, 3: diamond) 0 (none)
17 Slot Armor Item (Forge only) Empty

Replaced with Entity Equipment packet. (Uses chestplate slot)

Trader Llama

Extends Llama.

No additional metadata.

Abstract Merchant

Extends Ageable.

Index Type Meaning Default
15 VarInt Head shake timer (starts at 40, decrements each tick) 0

Villager

Extends Ageable Abstract Merchant.

Index Type Meaning Default
13 16 VarInt Villager Data Villager Data 0 Plains/None/1

Wandering Trader

Extends Abstract Merchant.

No additional metadata.

Block Actions

No changes so far.

Inventories

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Most of the new inventories have buttons, which are probably implemented using #Click Window Button. This needs to be confirmed and the button IDs should be checked.

Blast Furnace

Blast Furnace slots

The GUI that appears when a blast furnace is opened. Same layout as a furnace; however, the recipe book displays blast furnace recipes instead of regular furnace recipes.

Slot range Description
0 ingredient
1 fuel
2 output
3–29 main inventory
30–38 hotbar

Smoker

Smoker slots

The GUI that appears when a smoker is opened. Same layout as a furnace; however, the recipe book displays blast furnace recipes instead of regular furnace recipes.

Slot range Description
0 ingredient
1 fuel
2 output
3–29 main inventory
30–38 hotbar

Cartography Table

Cartography table slots

The GUI that appears when a cartography table is opened.

Slot range Description
0 map
1 paper
2 output
3–29 main inventory
30–38 hotbar

Grindstone

Grindstone slots
Slot range Description
0 first item
1 second item
2 result
3–29 main inventory
30–38 hotbar

Lectern

Lectern UI

This is a regular container, unlike with held books opened via #Open Book.

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Is the player inventory also included on this?


Slot range Description
0 book
1–27 main inventory?
28–36 hotbar?

Loom

Loom slots
Slot range Description
0 banner
1 dye
2 pattern
3 result
4–30 main inventory
31–39 hotbar

Stonecutter

Stonecutter slots
Slot range Description
0 input
1 result
2–28 main inventory
29–37 hotbar

Plugin Channels

minecraft:book_open

Server to client

When a player right clicks with a signed book. This tells the client to open the book GUI.

The payload is a VarInt enum for the selected hand: 0 for the main hand, 1 for the offhand.

Replaced with Open Book packet.

minecraft:trader_list

Server to client

The list of trades a villager NPC is offering.

Replaced with Trade List packet.

minecraft:debug/poi_ticket_count

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Unknown channel

minecraft:debug/poi_added

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Unknown channel

minecraft:debug/poi_removed

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Unknown channel

minecraft:debug/village_sections

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Unknown channel

minecraft:debug/goal_selector

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Unknown channel

minecraft:debug/brain

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Unknown channel

Play

Clientbound

Spawn Object

Sent by the server when a vehicle or other object is created.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x00 Play Client Entity ID VarInt EID of the object
Object UUID UUID
Type Byte VarInt The type of object. (see Entities#Objects) Uses the same entity type IDs as in Spawn Mob
X Double
Y Double
Z Double
Pitch Angle
Yaw Angle
Data Int Meaning dependent on the value of the Type field, see Object Data for details.
Velocity X Short Same units as Entity Velocity. Always sent, but only used when Data is greater than 0 (except for some entities which always ignore it; see Object Data for details).
Velocity Y Short
Velocity Z Short

Update Block Entity

Sets the block entity associated with the block at the given location.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x09 Play Client Location Position
Action Unsigned Byte The type of update to perform, see below
NBT Data NBT Tag Data to set. May be a TAG_END (0), in which case the block entity at the given location is removed (though this is not required since the client will remove the block entity automatically on chunk unload or block removal)

Action field:

  • 1: Set data of a mob spawner (everything except for SpawnPotentials: current delay, min/max delay, mob to be spawned, spawn count, spawn range, etc.)
  • 2: Set command block text (command and last execution status)
  • 3: Set the level, primary, and secondary powers of a beacon
  • 4: Set rotation and skin of mob head
  • 5: Declare a conduit
  • 6: Set base color and patterns on a banner
  • 7: Set the data for a Structure tile entity
  • 8: Set the destination for a end gateway
  • 9: Set the text on a sign
  • 10: Declare a shulker box, no data appears to be sent and the client seems to do fine without this packet. Perhaps it is a leftover from earlier versions?
  • 11: Declare a bed
  • 12: Set data of a jigsaw block
  • 13: Set items in a campfire

Server Difficulty

Changes the difficulty setting in the client's option menu

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x0D Play Client Difficulty Unsigned Byte 0: peaceful, 1: easy, 2: normal, 3: hard
Difficulty locked? Boolean

Open Horse Window

This packet is used exclusively for opening the horse GUI. Open Window is used for all other GUIs, and now has ID 0x59.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x1F Play Client Window ID? Byte
Number of slots? VarInt
Entity ID? Integer

Chunk Data

Main article: Chunk Format
See also: #Unload Chunk

The server only sends skylight information for chunk pillars in the Overworld, it's up to the client to know in which dimenison the player is currently located. You can also infer this information from the primary bitmask and the amount of uncompressed bytes sent. This packet also sends all block entities in the chunk (though sending them is not required; it is still legal to send them with Update Block Entity later).

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x22 0x21 Play Client Chunk X Int Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Chunk Z Int Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Full chunk Boolean See Chunk Format
Primary Bit Mask VarInt Bitmask with bits set to 1 for every 16×16×16 chunk section whose data is included in Data. The least significant bit represents the chunk section at the bottom of the chunk column (from y=0 to y=15).
Heightmaps NBT Compound containing one long array named MOTION_BLOCKING, which is a heightmap for the highest solid block at each position in the chunk (as a compacted long array with 256 entries at 9 bits per entry).
Size VarInt Size of Data in bytes
Data Byte array See data structure in Chunk Format
Number of block entities VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Block entities Array of NBT All block entities in the chunk. Use the x, y, and z tags in the NBT to determine their positions.
Data structure

The data section of the packet contains most of the useful data for the chunk.

Field Name Field Type Notes
Data Array of Chunk Section The number of elements in the array is equal to the number of bits set in Primary Bit Mask. Sections are sent bottom-to-top, i.e. the first section, if sent, extends from Y=0 to Y=15.
Biomes Optional Int Array Only sent if full chunk is true; 256 entries if present
Chunk Section structure

A Chunk Section is defined in terms of other data types. A Chunk Section consists of the following fields:

Field Name Field Type Notes
Block count Short Number of non-air blocks present in the chunk section, for lighting purposes. "Non-air" is defined as any block other than air, cave air, and void air (in particular, note that fluids such as water are still counted).
Bits Per Block Unsigned Byte Determines how many bits are used to encode a block. Note that not all numbers are valid here.
Palette Varies See below for the format.
Data Array Length VarInt Number of longs in the following array
Data Array Array of Long Compacted list of 4096 indices pointing to state IDs in the Palette
Block Light Byte Array Half byte per block
Sky Light Optional Byte Array Only if in the Overworld; half byte per block

Data Array, Block Light, and Sky Light are is given for each block with increasing x coordinates, within rows of increasing z coordinates, within layers of increasing y coordinates. For the half-byte light arrays, even-indexed items (those with an even x coordinate, starting at 0) are packed into the low bits, odd-indexed into the high bits.

Join Game

See Protocol Encryption for information on logging in.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x25 Play Client Entity ID Int The player's Entity ID (EID)
Gamemode Unsigned Byte 0: Survival, 1: Creative, 2: Adventure, 3: Spectator. Bit 3 (0x8) is the hardcore flag.
Dimension Int Enum -1: Nether, 0: Overworld, 1: End; also, note that this is not a VarInt but instead a regular int.
Difficulty Unsigned Byte 0: peaceful, 1: easy, 2: normal, 3: hard
Max Players Unsigned Byte Was once used by the client to draw the player list, but now is ignored
Level Type String Enum (16) default, flat, largeBiomes, amplified, default_1_1
View Distance VarInt Render distance (2-32)
Reduced Debug Info Boolean If true, a Notchian client shows reduced information on the debug screen. For servers in development, this should almost always be false.

Map Data

Updates a rectangular area on a map item.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x26 Play Client Map ID VarInt Map ID of the map being modified
Scale Byte From 0 for a fully zoomed-in map (1 block per pixel) to 4 for a fully zoomed-out map (16 blocks per pixel)
Tracking Position Boolean Specifies whether player and item frame icons are shown
Locked Boolean True if the map has been locked in a cartography table
Icon Count VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Icon Type Array VarInt enum See below
X Byte Map coordinates: -128 for furthest left, +127 for furthest right
Z Byte Map coordinates: -128 for highest, +127 for lowest
Direction Byte 0-15
Has Display Name Boolean
Display Name Optional Chat Only present if previous Boolean is true
Columns Byte Number of columns updated
Rows Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; number of rows updated
X Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; x offset of the westernmost column
Z Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; z offset of the northernmost row
Length Optional VarInt Only if Columns is more than 0; length of the following array
Data Optional Array of Unsigned Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; see Map item format

For icons, a direction of 0 is a vertical icon and increments by 22.5° (360/16).

Types are based off of rows and columns in map_icons.png:

Icon type Result
0 White arrow (players)
1 Green arrow (item frames)
2 Red arrow
3 Blue arrow
4 White cross
5 Red pointer
6 White circle (off-map players)
7 Small white circle (far-off-map players)
8 Mansion
9 Temple
10 White Banner
11 Orange Banner
12 Magenta Banner
13 Light Blue Banner
14 Yellow Banner
15 Lime Banner
16 Pink Banner
17 Gray Banner
18 Light Gray Banner
19 Cyan Banner
20 Purple Banner
21 Blue Banner
22 Brown Banner
23 Green Banner
24 Red Banner
25 Black Banner
26 Treasure marker

Open Book

Replaces the minecraft:book_open plugin channel.

Sent when a player right clicks with a signed book. This tells the client to open the book GUI.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x2D Play Client Hand VarInt enum 0: Main hand, 1: Off hand

Use Bed

This packet tells that a player goes to bed.

The client with the matching Entity ID will go into bed mode.

This Packet is sent to all nearby players including the one sent to bed.

Any packets sent with a location not currently occupied by a bed will be ignored by clients.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x33 Play Client Entity ID VarInt Sleeping player's EID
Location Position Block location of the head part of the bed

Respawn

To change the player's dimension (overworld/nether/end), send them a respawn packet with the appropriate dimension, followed by prechunks/chunks for the new dimension, and finally a position and look packet. You do not need to unload chunks, the client will do it automatically.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x3A Play Client Dimension Int Enum -1: The Nether, 0: The Overworld, 1: The End
Difficulty Unsigned Byte 0: Peaceful, 1: Easy, 2: Normal, 3: Hard
Gamemode Unsigned Byte 0: survival, 1: creative, 2: adventure, 3: spectator. The hardcore flag is not included
Level Type String (16) Same as Join Game

Warning.png Avoid changing player's dimension to same dimension they were already in unless they are dead. If you change the dimension to one they are already in, weird bugs can occur, such as the player being unable to attack other players in new world (until they die and respawn).

If you must respawn a player in the same dimension without killing them, send two respawn packets, one to a different world and then another to the world you want. You do not need to complete the first respawn; it only matters that you send two packets.

Entity Sound Effect

Plays a sound effect from an entity.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x50 Play Client Sound ID VarInt ID of hardcoded sound event (events as of 1.14.2)
Sound Category VarInt Enum The category that this sound will be played from (current categories)
Entity ID VarInt
Volume Float 1.0 is 100%, capped between 0.0 and 1.0 by Notchian clients
Pitch Float Float between 0.5 and 2.0 by Notchian clients

Declare Recipes

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x54 0x5A Play Client Num Recipes VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Recipe Recipe ID Array Identifier
Type String Identifier The recipe serializer, see below
Recipe ID Identifier
Data Optional, varies Additional data for the recipe. For some types, there will be no data.

Recipe serializers:

Serializer Description Data
minecraft:crafting_shapeless Shapeless crafting recipe. All items in the ingredient list must be present, but in any order/slot. As follows:
Name Type Description
Group String Used to group similar recipes together in the recipe book. Tag is present in recipe JSON.
Ingredient count VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Ingredients Array of Ingredient
Result Slot
minecraft:crafting_shaped Shaped crafting recipe. All items must be present in the same pattern (which may be flipped horizontally or translated) As follows:
Name Type Description
Width VarInt
Height VarInt
Group String Used to group similar recipes together in the recipe book. Tag is present in recipe JSON.
Ingredients Array of Ingredient Length is width * height. Indexed by x + (y * width).
Result Slot
minecraft:crafting_special_armordye Recipe for dying leather armor None
minecraft:crafting_special_bookcloning Recipe for copying contents of written books None
minecraft:crafting_special_mapcloning Recipe for copying maps None
minecraft:crafting_special_mapextending Recipe for adding paper to maps None
minecraft:crafting_special_firework_rocket Recipe for making firework rockets None
minecraft:crafting_special_firework_star Recipe for making firework stars None
minecraft:crafting_special_firework_star_fade Recipe for making firework stars fade between multiple colors None
minecraft:crafting_special_repairitem Recipe for repairing items via crafting None
minecraft:crafting_special_tippedarrow Recipe for crafting tipped arrows None
minecraft:crafting_special_bannerduplicate Recipe for copying banner patterns None
minecraft:crafting_special_banneraddpattern Recipe for adding patterns to banners None
minecraft:crafting_special_shielddecoration Recipe for applying a banner's pattern to a shield None
minecraft:crafting_special_shulkerboxcoloring Recipe for recoloring a shulker box None
minecraft:crafting_special_suspiciousstew Recipe for crafting suspicious stew with various affects. None
minecraft:smelting Smelting recipe All of these have the same format, as follows:
Name Type Description
Group String Used to group similar recipes together in the recipe book.
Ingredient Ingredient
Result Slot
Experience Float
Cooking time VarInt
minecraft:blasting Recipes in a blast furnace.
minecraft:smoking Recipes in a smoker.
minecraft:campfire_cooking Recipes in a campfire.
minecraft:stonecutting Stonecutting recipe. As follows:
Name Type Description
Group String Used to group similar recipes together in the recipe book. Tag is present in recipe JSON.
Ingredient Ingredient The ingredient
Result Slot

Ingredient is defined as:

Name Type Description
Count VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Items Array of Slot Any item in this array may be used for the recipe. The count of each item should be 1.

Tags

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x55 0x5B Play Client Block Tags (See below) IDs are block IDs
Item Tags (See below) IDs are item IDs
Fluid Tags (See below) IDs are fluid IDs
Entity Tags (See below) IDs are entity type IDs

Update Light

Updates light levels for a chunk.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x24 Play Client Chunk X VarInt Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Chunk Z VarInt Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Sky Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, with the lowest bit corresponding to chunk section -1 (in the void, y=-16 to y=-1) and the highest bit for chunk section 16 (above the world, y=256 to y=271)
Block Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, with the same order as sky light
Empty Sky Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their sky light values. If a section is set in both this mask and the main sky light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the sky light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks). If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the sky light arrays.
Empty Block Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their block light values. If a section is set in both this mask and the main block light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the block light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks). If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the block light arrays.
Sky Light arrays Length Array VarInt Length of the following array in bytes (always 2048)
Sky Light array Array of 2048 bytes There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the sky light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.
Block Light arrays Length Array VarInt Length of the following array in bytes (always 2048)
Block Light array Array of 2048 bytes There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the block light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.

Individual block or sky light arrays are is given for each block with increasing x coordinates, within rows of increasing z coordinates, within layers of increasing y coordinates. Even-indexed items (those with an even x coordinate, starting at 0) are packed into the low bits, odd-indexed into the high bits.

Open Window

This is sent to the client when it should open an inventory, such as a chest, workbench, or furnace. This message is not sent anywhere for clients opening their own inventory. For horses, use Open Horse Window

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x14 0x2E Play Client Window ID Unsigned Byte VarInt A unique id number for the window to be displayed. Notchian server implementation is a counter, starting at 1.
Window Type String (32) VarInt The window type to use for display. See Inventory for a list contained in the minecraft:menu regisry.
Window Title Chat The title of the window
Number Of Slots Unsigned Byte Number of slots in the window (excluding the number of slots in the player inventory). Always 0 for non-storage windows (e.g. Workbench, Anvil).
Entity ID Optional Int EntityHorse's EID. Only sent when Window Type is “EntityHorse”

Trade List

Replaces the minecraft:trader_list plugin channel.

The list of trades a villager NPC is offering.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x27 Play Client
Window ID VarInt The ID of the window that is open; this is an int rather than a byte.
Size Byte The number of trades in the following array
Trades Input item 1 Array Slot The first item the villager is buying
Output item Slot The item the villager is selling
Has second item Boolean Whether there is a second item
Input item 2 Optional Slot The second item the villager is buying; only present if they have a second item.
Trade disabled Boolean True if the trade is disabled; false if the trade is enabled.
Number of trade uses Integer Number of times the trade has been used so far
Maximum number of trade uses Integer Number of times this trade can be used
XP Integer
Special Price Integer
Price Multiplier Float
Villager level VarInt Appears on the trade GUI; meaning comes from the translation key merchant.level. + level.

1: Novice, 2: Apprentice, 3: Journeyman, 4: Expert, 5: Master

Experience VarInt Total experience for this villager (always 0 for the wandering trader)
Is regular villager Boolean True if this is a regular villager; false for the wandering trader. When false, hides the villager level and some other GUI elements.
Can restock Boolean True for regular villagers and false for the wandering trader. If true, the "Villagers restock up to two times per day." message is displayed when hovering over disabled trades.
The merchant UI, for reference

Update View Position

Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
Why is this even needed? Is there a better name for it? My guess is that it's something to do with logical behavior with latency, but it still seems weird.

Updates the client's location. This is used to determine what chunks should remain loaded and if a chunk load should be ignored; chunks outside of the view distance may be unloaded.

Sent whenever the player moves across a chunk border horizontally, and also (according to testing) for any integer change in the vertical axis, even if it doesn't go across a chunk section border.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x40 Play Client Chunk X VarInt Chunk X coordinate of the player's position
Chunk Z VarInt Chunk Z coordinate of the player's position

Update View Distance

Sent by the integrated singleplayer server when changing render distance. Does not appear to be used by the dedicated server, as view-distance in server.properties cannot be changed at runtime.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x41 Play Client View Distance VarInt Render distance (2-32)

Unknown

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x5C Play Client Position
VarInt
VarInt enum 0: START_DESTROY_BLOCK, 1: ABORT_DESTROY_BLOCK, 2: STOP_DESTROY_BLOCK, 3: DROP_ALL_ITEMS, 4: DROP_ITEM, 5: RELEASE_USE_ITEM, 6: SWAP_HELD_ITEMS. Is this the same one as player digging? Are they all used in this packet?
Boolean

Serverbound

Set Difficulty

Must have at least op level 2 to use. Appears to only be used on singleplayer; the difficulty buttons are still disabled in multiplayer.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x02 Play Server New difficulty Byte 0: peaceful, 1: easy, 2: normal, 3: hard

Click Window Button

Was named Enchant Item

Used more generally than just for enchanting in 1.14, although the code internally supported general use in earlier versions.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x07 Play Server Window ID Byte The ID of the enchantment table window sent by Open Window
Enchantment Button ID Byte The position of the enchantment on the enchantment table window, starting with 0 as the topmost one Meaning depends on window type; see below
Window type ID Meaning
Enchantment Table 0 Topmost enchantment
1 Middle enchantment
2 Bottom enchantment
Lectern 1 Unknown - maybe previous page? (which does give a redstone output)
2 Unknown - maybe next page?
3 Take Book
100? Unknown - actual value is 100 + some parameter, so there may be multiple
Stonecutter Recipe button number - 4*row + col. Depends on the item.
Loom Recipe button number - 4*row + col. Depends on the item.

Lock Difficulty

Must have at least op level 2 to use. Appears to only be used on singleplayer; the difficulty buttons are still disabled in multiplayer.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x0F Play Server Locked Boolean

Recipe Book Data

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x1B 0x1D Play Server Type VarInt Determines the format of the rest of the packet
Type Field Name
0: Displayed Recipe Recipe ID Identifier A recipe ID
1: Recipe Book States Crafting Recipe Book Open Boolean Whether the player has the crafting recipe book currently opened/active.
Crafting Recipe Filter Active Boolean Whether the player has the crafting recipe book filter option currently active.
Smelting Recipe Book Open Boolean Whether the player has the smelting recipe book currently opened/active.
Smelting Recipe Filter Active Boolean Whether the player has the smelting recipe book filter option currently active.
Blasting Recipe Book Open Boolean May be swapped with smoking recipe book. Also, the notchian client appears to use the same value for both of those books currently.
Blasting Recipe Filter Active Boolean May be swapped with smoking recipe book. Also, the notchian client appears to use the same value for both of those books currently.
Smoking Recipe Book Open Boolean
Smoking Recipe Filter Active Boolean

The Recipe Book Status type is sent when one of the states changes.

Update Jigsaw Block

Sent when Done is pressed on the Jigsaw Block interface.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x27 Play Server Location Position Block entity location
Attachment type Identifier
Target pool Identifier
Final state String "Turns into" on the GUI, final_state in NBT

Player Block Placement

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x29 0x2C Play Server Location Position Block position
Face VarInt Enum The face on which the block is placed (as documented at Player Digging)
Hand VarInt Enum The hand from which the block is placed; 0: main hand, 1: off hand
Location Position Block position
Face VarInt Enum The face on which the block is placed (as documented at Player Digging)
Cursor Position X Float The position of the crosshair on the block, from 0 to 1 increasing from west to east
Cursor Position Y Float The position of the crosshair on the block, from 0 to 1 increasing from bottom to top
Cursor Position Z Float The position of the crosshair on the block, from 0 to 1 increasing from north to south
Inside block Boolean True when the player's head is inside of a block.

Upon placing a block, this packet is sent once.

The Cursor Position X/Y/Z fields (also known as in-block coordinates) are calculated using raytracing. The unit corresponds to sixteen pixel in the default resource pack. For example, let's say a slab is being placed against the south face of a full block. The Cursor Position X will be higher if the player was pointing near the right (east) edge of the face, lower if pointing near the left. The Cursor Position Y will be used to determine whether it will appear as a bottom slab (values 0.0–0.5) or as a top slab (values 0.5-1.0). The Cursor Position Z should be 1.0 since the player was looking at the southernmost part of the block.

Inside block is true when a player's head (specifically eyes) are inside of a block's collision. In 1.13 and later versions, collision is rather complicated and individual blocks can have multiple collision boxes. For instance, a ring of vines has a non-colliding hole in the middle. This value is only true when the player is directly in the box. In practice, though, this value is only used by scaffolding to place in front of the player when sneaking inside of it (other blocks will place behind when you intersect with them -- try with glass for instance).

Handshaking

Clientbound

There are no clientbound packets in the Handshaking state, since the protocol immediately switches to a different state after the client sends the first packet.

Serverbound

Handshake

This causes the server to switch into the target state.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x00 Handshaking Server Protocol Version VarInt See protocol version numbers (currently 404 494)
Server Address String Hostname or IP, e.g. localhost or 127.0.0.1, that was used to connect. The Notchian server does not use this information.
Server Port Unsigned Short Default is 25565. The Notchian server does not use this information.
Next State VarInt Enum 1 for status, 2 for login

Status

Clientbound

No changes so far.

Serverbound

No changes so far.

Login

Clientbound

No changes so far.

Serverbound

No changes so far.