Difference between revisions of "Pre-release protocol"

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(Fix packet IDs; update Update Light)
 
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This page documents the changes from the [[Protocol|last stable Minecraft release]] (currently [[Protocol version numbers|1.13.2, protocol 404]]) to the current pre-release (currently [[Protocol version numbers|18w47b, protocol 447]]). Note that this page contains bleeding-edge information that may not be completely or correctly documented.
+
This page documents the changes from the [[Protocol|last stable Minecraft release]] (currently [[Protocol version numbers|1.16.4, protocol 754]]) to the current pre-release (currently [[Protocol version numbers|20w49a, protocol 1073741832]]). Note that this page contains bleeding-edge information that may not be completely or correctly documented.
  
 
One who wishes to commandeer the merging of this into [[Protocol]] when an update is made must be sure to respect any changes that may have occurred to the respective packets there.
 
One who wishes to commandeer the merging of this into [[Protocol]] when an update is made must be sure to respect any changes that may have occurred to the respective packets there.
Line 9: Line 9:
 
=== Data types ===
 
=== Data types ===
  
==== Position ====
+
No changes so far.
 
 
64-bit value split in to three parts
 
 
 
* x: 26 MSBs
 
* z: 26 {{change|LSBs|middle bits}}
 
* y: 12 {{change|bits between them|LSBs}}
 
 
 
Encoded as followed:
 
 
 
((x & 0x3FFFFFF) << 38) | {{change|((y & 0xFFF) << 26) {{!}} (z & 0x3FFFFFF)|((z & 0x3FFFFFF) << 12) {{!}} (y & 0xFFF)}}
 
 
 
And decoded as:
 
 
 
val = read_unsigned_long();
 
x = val >> 38;
 
y = {{change|(val >> 26) & 0xFFF|val & 0xFFF}};
 
z = {{change|val << 38 >> 38|(val << 38 >> 38) >> 12}};
 
 
 
Note: The details of bit shifting are rather language dependent; the above may work in Java but probably won't in other languages without some tweaking. In particular, you will usually receive positive numbers even if the actual coordinates are negative. This can be fixed by adding something like the following:
 
 
 
if x >= 2^25 { x -= 2^26 }
 
if y >= 2^11 { y -= 2^12 }
 
if z >= 2^25 { z -= 2^26 }
 
  
 
=== Packets ===
 
=== Packets ===
Line 40: Line 17:
 
  ! Packet name
 
  ! Packet name
 
  !colspan="2"| Documentation
 
  !colspan="2"| Documentation
 +
|-
 +
!colspan="4"| Play clientbound
 +
{{PacketList|0x05|Unknown|rel=added}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x05|0x06}}|Entity Animation (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x06|0x07}}|Statistics|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x07|0x08}}|Acknowledge Player Digging|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x08|0x09}}|Block Break Animation|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x09|0x0A}}|Block Entity Data|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x0A|0x0B}}|Block Action|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x0B|0x0C}}|Block Change|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x0C|0x0D}}|Boss Bar|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x0D|0x0E}}|Server Difficulty|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x0E|0x0F}}|Chat Message (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x0F|0x10}}|Tab-Complete (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x10|0x11}}|Declare Commands|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x11|0x12}}|Window Confirmation (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x12|0x13}}|Close Window (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x13|0x14}}|Window Items|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x14|0x15}}|Window Property|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x15|0x16}}|Set Slot|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x16|0x17}}|Set Cooldown|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x17|0x18}}|Plugin Message (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x18|0x19}}|Named Sound Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x19|0x1A}}|Disconnect (play)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x1A|0x1B}}|Entity Status|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x1B|0x1C}}|Explosion|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x1C|0x1D}}|Unload Chunk|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x1D|0x1E}}|Change Game State|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x1E|0x1F}}|Open Horse Window|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x1F|0x20}}|Keep Alive (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x20|0x21}}|Chunk Data}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x21|0x22}}|Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x22|0x23}}|Particle|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x23|0x24}}|Update Light}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x24|0x25}}|Join Game|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x25|0x26}}|Map Data}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x26|0x27}}|Trade List|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x27|0x28}}|Entity Position|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x28|0x29}}|Entity Position and Rotation|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x29|0x2A}}|Entity Rotation|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x2A|0x2B}}|Entity Movement|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x2B|0x2C}}|Vehicle Move (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x2C|0x2D}}|Open Book|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x2D|0x2E}}|Open Window|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x2E|0x2F}}|Open Sign Editor|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x2F|0x30}}|Craft Recipe Response|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x30|0x31}}|Player Abilities (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x31|0x32}}|Combat Event|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x32|0x33}}|Player Info|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x33|0x34}}|Face Player|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x34|0x35}}|Player Position And Look (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x35|0x36}}|Unlock Recipes|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x36|0x37}}|Destroy Entities|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x37|0x38}}|Remove Entity Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x38|0x39}}|Resource Pack Send}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x39|0x3A}}|Respawn|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x3A|0x3B}}|Entity Head Look|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x3B|0x3C}}|Multi Block Change|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x3C|0x3D}}|Select Advancement Tab|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x3D|0x3E}}|World Border|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x3E|0x3F}}|Camera|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x3F|0x40}}|Held Item Change (clientbound)|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x40|0x41}}|Update View Position|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x41|0x42}}|Update View Distance|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x42|0x43}}|Spawn Position|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x43|0x44}}|Display Scoreboard|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x44|0x45}}|Entity Metadata|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x45|0x46}}|Attach Entity|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x46|0x47}}|Entity Velocity|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x47|0x48}}|Entity Equipment|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x48|0x49}}|Set Experience|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x49|0x4A}}|Update Health|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4A|0x4B}}|Scoreboard Objective|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4B|0x4C}}|Set Passengers|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4C|0x4D}}|Teams|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4D|0x4E}}|Update Score|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4E|0x4F}}|Time Update|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4F|0x50}}|Title|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x50|0x51}}|Entity Sound Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x51|0x52}}|Sound Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x52|0x53}}|Stop Sound|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x53|0x54}}|Player List Header And Footer|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x54|0x55}}|NBT Query Response|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x55|0x56}}|Collect Item|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x56|0x57}}|Entity Teleport|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x57|0x58}}|Advancements|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x58|0x59}}|Entity Properties|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x59|0x5A}}|Entity Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x5A|0x5B}}|Declare Recipes|pre=unchanged}}
 +
{{PacketList|{{change|0x5B|0x5C}}|Tags|pre=unchanged}}
 
  |-
 
  |-
 
!colspan="4"| Handshaking serverbound
 
!colspan="4"| Handshaking serverbound
 
{{PacketList|0x00|Handshake}}
 
{{PacketList|0x00|Handshake}}
|-
 
!colspan="4"| Play clientbound
 
{{PacketList|0x09|Update Block Entity}}
 
{{PacketList|0x22|Chunk Data}}
 
{{PacketList|0x4E|Entity Sound Effect|rel=added}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4E|0x4F}}|Player List Header And Footer|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x4F|0x50}}|Collect Item|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x50|0x51}}|Entity Teleport|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x51|0x52}}|Advancements|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x52|0x53}}|Entity Properties|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x53|0x54}}|Entity Effect|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x54|0x55}}|Declare Recipes|pre=unchanged}}
 
{{PacketList|{{change|0x55|0x56}}|Tags}}
 
{{PacketList|0x57|Update Light|rel=added}}
 
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
Line 65: Line 118:
 
== Entity Metadata ==
 
== Entity Metadata ==
  
=== Mobs ===
+
{{#vardefine:meta_prerelease|1}}
 
 
Entity IDs have shifted with the addition of some new mobs.
 
  
=== Arrow ===
+
{{Warning2|Note that other entities have had metadata shifts due to these changes, not shown here.}}
  
Extends [[#Entity|Entity]].
+
=== Entity ===
  
Abstract base class for [[#TippedArrow|TippedArrow]] (which is used for regular arrows as well as tipped ones) and Spectral Arrow.
+
{{metadata inherit|Entity}}
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 81: Line 132:
 
  ! Default
 
  ! Default
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | rowspan="3" | 6
+
  |rowspan="9"| {{Metadata id|}}
  | rowspan="3" | Byte
+
  |rowspan="9"| Byte
 
  ! Bit mask
 
  ! Bit mask
 
  ! Meaning
 
  ! Meaning
  | rowspan="3" | 0
+
  |rowspan="9"| 0
 
  |-
 
  |-
 
  | 0x01
 
  | 0x01
  | Is critical
+
  | Is on fire
 
  |-
 
  |-
 
  | 0x02
 
  | 0x02
  | Is noclip (used by loyalty tridents when returning)
+
  | Is crouching
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 7
+
  | 0x04
  | OptUUID
+
  | Unused (previously riding)
|colspan="2"| Shooter UUID
 
| Empty
 
|- {{added}}
 
| 8
 
| Byte
 
|colspan="2"| Piercing level
 
| 0
 
|}
 
 
 
=== TippedArrow ===
 
 
 
Extends [[#Arrow|Arrow]].
 
 
 
Used for both tipped and regular arrows.  If not tipped, then color is set to -1 and no tipped arrow particles are used.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | {{change|8|9}}
+
  | 0x08
| VarInt
+
  | Is sprinting
  |colspan="2"| Color (-1 for no particles)
 
| -1
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Trident ===
 
 
 
Extends [[#Arrow|Arrow]].
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | {{change|8|9}}
+
  | 0x10
| VarInt
+
  | Is swimming
  |colspan="2"| Loyalty level (enchantment)
 
| 0
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Fireworks ===
 
 
 
Extends [[#Entity|Entity]].
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 6
+
  | 0x20
  | [[Slot]]
+
  | Is invisible
|colspan="2"| Firework info
 
| empty
 
|-
 
| 7
 
| VarInt
 
|colspan="2"| Entity ID of entity which used firework (for elytra boosting)
 
| 0
 
|- {{Added}}
 
| 8
 
| Boolean
 
|colspan="2"| Shot at angle (from a crossbow)
 
| false
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Illager Beast ===
 
 
 
Extends [[#Monster|Monster]]
 
 
 
No additional metadata.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" {{added}}
 
! Status
 
!colspan="2"| Description
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 4
+
  | 0x40
  |colspan="2"| Starts the attack animation.
+
  | has glowing effect
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 39
+
  | 0x80
  |colspan="2"| Starts the stun animation.
+
  | Is flying with an {{Minecraft Wiki|elytra}}
|}
 
 
 
=== Panda ===
 
 
 
Extends [[#Animal|Animal]].
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" {{added}}
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 13
+
  | {{Metadata id|}}
  | Integer
+
  | VarInt
  |colspan="2"| Breed timer?  Set to 32 when something happens, and then counts down to 0 again.  At 29 and 14 (before counting down), will play the <code>entity.panda.cant_breed</code> sound event.
+
  |colspan="2"| Air ticks
  | 0
+
  | 300
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 14
+
  | {{Metadata id|}}
  | Integer
+
  | OptChat
  |colspan="2"| Sneeze timer.  Counts up from 0; when it hits 1 the <code>entity.panda.pre_sneeze</code> event plays and when it hits 21 the <code>entity.panda.sneeze</code> event plays (and it is set back to 0 and the sneeze flag is cleared).
+
  |colspan="2"| Custom name
  | 0
+
  | empty
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 15
+
  | {{Metadata id|}}
| Integer
 
|colspan="2"| Eat timer.  If nonzero, counts upwards.
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| 16
 
| Byte
 
|colspan="2"| Main Gene
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| 17
 
| Byte
 
|colspan="2"| Hidden Gene
 
| 0
 
|-
 
|rowspan="6"| 18
 
|rowspan="6"| Byte
 
! Bit mask
 
! Meaning
 
|rowspan="6"| 0
 
|-
 
| 0x01
 
| Unused
 
|-
 
| 0x02
 
| Is sneezing
 
|-
 
| 0x04
 
| Is eating
 
|-
 
| 0x08
 
| Unknown
 
|-
 
| 0x10
 
| Unknown
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Pillager ===
 
 
 
Extends [[#Abstract Illager|Abstract Illlager]].
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" {{added}}
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
|-
 
| 13
 
| Boolean
 
| colspan="2"| Using crossbow
 
| false
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Ocelot ===
 
 
 
Extends {{change|[[#TameableAnimal|TameableAnimal]]|[[#Ageable|Ageable]]}}.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
|- {{removed}}
 
| 15
 
| VarInt
 
|colspan="2"| Type (0 = untamed, 1 = tuxedo, 2 = tabby, 3 = siamese).  Used to render regardless as to whether it is tamed or not.
 
| 0
 
|- {{added}}
 
| 13
 
 
  | Boolean
 
  | Boolean
  |colspan="2"| Is trusting
+
  |colspan="2"| Is custom name visible
 
  | false
 
  | false
|}
 
 
{| class="wikitable" {{added}}
 
! Status
 
!colspan="2"| Description
 
|-
 
| 40
 
|colspan="2"| Spawn smoke particles (trust gaining failed)
 
|-
 
| 41
 
|colspan="2"| Spawn heart particles (trust gaining succeeded)
 
|}
 
 
=== Cat ===
 
 
Extends [[#TameableAnimal|TameableAnimal]].
 
 
{| class="wikitable" {{added}}
 
! Index
 
! Type
 
!style="width: 250px;" colspan="2"| Meaning
 
! Default
 
|-
 
| 15
 
| VarInt
 
|colspan="2"| Type (0 = tabby, 1 = black, 2 = red, 3 = siamese, 4 = british_shorthair, 5 = calico, 6 = persian, 7 = ragdoll, 8 = white, 9 = all_black)
 
| 1
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 16
+
  | {{Metadata id|}}
 
  | Boolean
 
  | Boolean
  |colspan="2"| Unknown
+
  |colspan="2"| Is silent
 
  | false
 
  | false
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 17
+
  | {{Metadata id|}}
 
  | Boolean
 
  | Boolean
  |colspan="2"| Unknown
+
  |colspan="2"| Has no gravity
 
  | false
 
  | false
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | 18
+
  | {{Metadata id|}}
 +
| Pose
 +
|colspan="2"| Pose
 +
| STANDING
 +
|- {{added}}
 +
| {{Metadata id|added}}
 
  | VarInt
 
  | VarInt
  |colspan="2"| Collar color (values are those {{Minecraft Wiki|Data_values#Dyes|used with dyes}})
+
  |colspan="2"| Ticks frozen in powdered snow
  | 14 (Red)
+
  | 0
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
 
== Block Actions ==
 
== Block Actions ==
 +
 +
No changes so far.
 +
 +
== Inventories ==
 +
 +
No changes so far.
 +
 +
== Plugin Channels ==
  
 
No changes so far.
 
No changes so far.
Line 325: Line 214:
 
=== Clientbound ===
 
=== Clientbound ===
  
==== Update Block Entity ====
+
==== Unknown ====
  
Sets the block entity associated with the block at the given location.
+
{| class="wikitable" {{Added}}
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
 
  ! Packet ID
 
  ! Packet ID
 
  ! State
 
  ! State
Line 337: Line 224:
 
  ! Notes
 
  ! Notes
 
  |-
 
  |-
  |rowspan="3"| 0x09
+
  |rowspan="4"| 0x05
  |rowspan="3"| Play
+
  |rowspan="4"| Play
  |rowspan="3"| Client
+
  |rowspan="4"| Client
  | Location
+
  | Position
 
  | Position
 
  | Position
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| Identifier
 
  |  
 
  |  
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Action
+
  |
  | Unsigned Byte
+
  | Unknown
  | The type of update to perform, see below
+
  | Varies, may be a different data structure in different contexts
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | NBT Data
+
  |
  | [[NBT|NBT Tag]]
+
  | VarInt
  | Data to set.  May be a TAG_END (0), in which case the block entity at the given location is removed (though this is not required since the client will remove the block entity automatically on chunk unload or block removal)
+
  |
 
  |}
 
  |}
 
''Action'' field:
 
 
* '''1''': Set data of a mob spawner (everything except for SpawnPotentials: current delay, min/max delay, mob to be spawned, spawn count, spawn range, etc.)
 
* '''2''': Set command block text (command and last execution status)
 
* '''3''': Set the level, primary, and secondary powers of a beacon
 
* '''4''': Set rotation and skin of mob head
 
* '''5''': Declare a conduit
 
* '''6''': Set base color and patterns on a banner
 
* '''7''': Set the data for a Structure tile entity
 
* '''8''': Set the destination for a end gateway
 
* '''9''': Set the text on a sign
 
* '''10''': Declare a shulker box, no data appears to be sent and the client seems to do fine without this packet. Perhaps it is a leftover from earlier versions?
 
* '''11''': Declare a bed
 
* '''12''': {{Change||Set data of a jigsaw block}}
 
  
 
==== Chunk Data ====
 
==== Chunk Data ====
Line 372: Line 248:
 
{{See also|#Unload Chunk}}
 
{{See also|#Unload Chunk}}
  
The server only sends skylight information for chunk pillars in the {{Minecraft Wiki|Overworld}}, it's up to the client to know in which dimenison the player is currently located. You can also infer this information from the primary bitmask and the amount of uncompressed bytes sent.  This packet also sends all block entities in the chunk (though sending them is not required; it is still legal to send them with [[#Update Block Entity|Update Block Entity]] later).
+
{{Need Info|How do biomes work now?  The biome change happened at the same time as the seed change, but it's not clear how/if biomes could be computed given that it's not the actual seed...  ([https://www.reddit.com/r/Mojira/comments/e5at6i/a_discussion_for_the_changes_to_how_biomes_are/ /r/mojira discussion] which notes that it seems to be some kind of interpolation, and 3D biomes are only used in the nether)}}
 +
 
 +
The server only sends skylight information for chunk pillars in the {{Minecraft Wiki|Overworld}}, it's up to the client to know in which dimension the player is currently located. You can also infer this information from the primary bitmask and the amount of uncompressed bytes sent.  This packet also sends all block entities in the chunk (though sending them is not required; it is still legal to send them with [[#Update Block Entity|Update Block Entity]] later).
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 382: Line 260:
 
  ! Notes
 
  ! Notes
 
  |-
 
  |-
  |rowspan="9"| 0x22
+
  |rowspan="11"| {{change|0x20|0x21}}
  |rowspan="9"| Play
+
  |rowspan="11"| Play
  |rowspan="9"| Client
+
  |rowspan="11"| Client
 
  | Chunk X
 
  | Chunk X
 
  | Int
 
  | Int
Line 392: Line 270:
 
  | Int
 
  | Int
 
  | Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
 
  | Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
  |-
+
  |- {{removed}}
  | Ground-Up Continuous
+
  | Full chunk
 
  | Boolean
 
  | Boolean
  | See [[Chunk Format#Ground-up continuous|Chunk Format]]
+
  | See [[Chunk Format#Full chunk|Chunk Format]]
 
  |-
 
  |-
 
  | Primary Bit Mask
 
  | Primary Bit Mask
 
  | VarInt
 
  | VarInt
 
  | Bitmask with bits set to 1 for every 16×16×16 chunk section whose data is included in Data. The least significant bit represents the chunk section at the bottom of the chunk column (from y=0 to y=15).
 
  | Bitmask with bits set to 1 for every 16×16×16 chunk section whose data is included in Data. The least significant bit represents the chunk section at the bottom of the chunk column (from y=0 to y=15).
  |- {{Added}}
+
  |-
 
  | Heightmaps
 
  | Heightmaps
 
  | [[NBT]]
 
  | [[NBT]]
  | Compound containing one long array named <code>MOTION_BLOCKING</code>, which is a heightmap for the highest solid block at each position in the chunk (as a compacted long array with 256 entries at 9 bits per entry).
+
  | Compound containing one long array named <code>MOTION_BLOCKING</code>, which is a heightmap for the highest solid block at each position in the chunk (as a compacted long array with 256 entries at 9 bits per entry totaling 36 longs). The Notchian server also adds a <code>WORLD_SURFACE</code> long array, the purpose of which is unknown, but it's not required for the chunk to be accepted.
 +
|-
 +
| Biomes length
 +
| Optional VarInt
 +
| Size of the following array.  Not present if full chunk is false.
 +
|-
 +
| Biomes
 +
| Optional array of VarInt
 +
| <s>1024 biome IDs, ordered by x then z then y, in 4&times;4&times;4 blocks.</s>Possibly something else.  Not present if full chunk is false.
 
  |-  
 
  |-  
 
  | Size
 
  | Size
Line 418: Line 304:
 
  |-
 
  |-
 
  | Block entities
 
  | Block entities
  | Array of [[NBT]]
+
  | Array of [[NBT|NBT Tag]]
 
  | All block entities in the chunk.  Use the x, y, and z tags in the NBT to determine their positions.
 
  | All block entities in the chunk.  Use the x, y, and z tags in the NBT to determine their positions.
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
===== Data structure =====
+
Note that the Notchian client requires an [[#Update View Position|Update View Position]] packet when it crosses a chunk border, otherwise it'll only display render distance + 2 chunks around the chunk it spawned in.
 +
 
 +
The compacted array format has been adjusted so that individual entries no longer span across multiple longs, affecting the main data array and heightmaps.
 +
 
 +
New format, 5 bits per block, containing the following references to blocks in a palette (not shown): <span style="border: solid 2px hsl(0, 90%, 60%)">1</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(30, 90%, 60%)">2</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(60, 90%, 60%)">2</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(90, 90%, 60%)">3</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(120, 90%, 60%)">4</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(150, 90%, 60%)">4</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(180, 90%, 60%)">5</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(210, 90%, 60%)">6</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(240, 90%, 60%)">6</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(270, 90%, 60%)">4</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(300, 90%, 60%)">8</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(330, 90%, 60%)">0</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(0, 90%, 30%)">7</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(30, 90%, 30%)">4</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(60, 90%, 30%)">3</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(90, 90%, 30%)">13</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(120, 90%, 30%)">15</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(150, 90%, 30%)">16</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(180, 90%, 30%)">9</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(210, 90%, 30%)">14</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(240, 90%, 30%)">10</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(270, 90%, 30%)">12</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(300, 90%, 30%)">0</span><span style="border: solid 2px hsl(330, 90%, 30%)">2</span>
 +
 
 +
<code>0020863148418841</code> <code><span style="outline: dashed 2px black">0000</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(330, 90%, 60%)">00000</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(300, 90%, 60%)">01000</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(270, 90%, 60%)">00100</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(240, 90%, 60%)">00110</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(210, 90%, 60%)">00110</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(180, 90%, 60%)">00101</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(150, 90%, 60%)">00100</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(120, 90%, 60%)">00100</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(90, 90%, 60%)">00011</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(60, 90%, 60%)">00010</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(30, 90%, 60%)">00010</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(0, 90%, 60%)">00001</span></code><br>
 +
<code>01018A7260F68C87</code> <code><span style="outline: dashed 2px black">0000</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(330, 90%, 30%)">00010</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(300, 90%, 30%)">00000</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(270, 90%, 30%)">01100</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(240, 90%, 30%)">01010</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(210, 90%, 30%)">01110</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(180, 90%, 30%)">01001</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(150, 90%, 30%)">10000</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(120, 90%, 30%)">01111</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(90, 90%, 30%)">01101</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(60, 90%, 30%)">00011</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(30, 90%, 30%)">00100</span><span style="outline: solid 2px hsl(0, 90%, 30%)">00111</span></code>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==== Update Light ====
  
The data section of the packet contains most of the useful data for the chunk.
+
Updates light levels for a chunk.
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
  |-
+
  ! Packet ID
  ! Field Name
+
! State
  ! Field Type
+
! Bound To
 +
  !colspan="2"| Field Name
 +
  !colspan="2"| Field Type
 
  ! Notes
 
  ! Notes
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Data
+
  |rowspan="21"| {{change|0x23|0x24}}
  | Array of [[#Chunk Section structure|Chunk Section]]
+
|rowspan="21"| Play
  | The number of elements in the array is equal to the number of bits set in Primary Bit Mask. Sections are sent bottom-to-top, i.e. the first section, if sent, extends from Y=0 to Y=15.
+
|rowspan="21"| Client
 +
  |colspan="2"| Chunk X
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
  | Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Biomes
+
  |colspan="2"| Chunk Z
  | Optional Int Array
+
  |colspan="2"| VarInt
| Only sent if Ground-Up Continuous is true; 256 entries if present
+
  | Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
  |}
 
 
 
===== Chunk Section structure =====
 
 
 
A Chunk Section is defined in terms of other [[data types]]. A Chunk Section consists of the following fields:
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  ! Field Name
+
  |colspan="2"| Trust Edges
  ! Field Type
+
  |colspan="2"| Boolean
  ! Notes
+
  | If edges should be trusted for light updates.
 +
|- {{removed}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Sky Light Mask
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Mask containing 18 bits, with the lowest bit corresponding to chunk section -1 (in the void, y=-16 to y=-1) and the highest bit for chunk section 16 (above the world, y=256 to y=271)
 +
|- {{removed}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Block Light Mask
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Mask containing 18 bits, with the same order as sky light
 +
|- {{removed}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Empty Sky Light Mask
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their sky light values.  If a section is set in both this mask and the main sky light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the sky light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks).  If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the sky light arrays.
 +
|- {{removed}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Empty Block Light Mask
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their block light values.  If a section is set in both this mask and the main block light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the block light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks).  If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the block light arrays.
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Length 1
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Length of the following array
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Array 1
 +
|colspan="2"| Array of Long
 +
| Unknown
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Length 2
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Length of the following array
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Array 2
 +
|colspan="2"| Array of Long
 +
| Unknown
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Length 3
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Length of the following array
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Array 3
 +
|colspan="2"| Array of Long
 +
| Unknown
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Length 4
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Length of the following array
 +
|- {{Added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Array 4
 +
|colspan="2"| Array of Long
 +
| Unknown
 
  |- {{added}}
 
  |- {{added}}
  | Block count
+
  |colspan="2"| Sky Light array count
  | Short
+
  |colspan="2"| VarInt
  | Number of non-air blocks present in the chunk section, for lighting purposes.  "Non-air" is defined as any block other than air, cave air, and void air (in particular, note that fluids such as water are still counted).
+
  | Number of entries in the following array
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Bits Per Block
+
  |rowspan="2"| Sky Light arrays
  | Unsigned Byte
+
| Length
  | Determines how many bits are used to encode a block. Note that not all numbers are valid here.
+
|rowspan="2"| Array
 +
  | VarInt
 +
  | Length of the following array in bytes (always 2048)
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Palette
+
  | Sky Light array
  | Varies
+
  | Array of 2048 bytes
  | See below for the format.
+
  | There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the sky light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.
 +
|- {{added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Block Light array count
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Number of entries in the following array
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Data Array Length
+
  |rowspan="2"| Block Light arrays
 +
| Length
 +
|rowspan="2"| Array
 
  | VarInt
 
  | VarInt
  | Number of longs in the following array
+
  | Length of the following array in bytes (always 2048)
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Data Array
+
  | Block Light array
  | Array of Long
+
  | Array of 2048 bytes
  | Compacted list of 4096 indices pointing to state IDs in the Palette
+
  | There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the block light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.
|- {{removed}}
 
| Block Light
 
  | Byte Array
 
| Half byte per block
 
|- {{removed}}
 
| Sky Light
 
| Optional Byte Array
 
| Only if in the Overworld; half byte per block
 
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
Data Array{{change|, Block Light, and Sky Light are|is}} given for each block with increasing x coordinates, within rows of increasing z coordinates, within layers of increasing y coordinates.  {{change|For the half-byte light arrays, even-indexed items (those with an even x coordinate, starting at 0) are packed into the ''low bits'', odd-indexed into the ''high bits''.}}
 
  
==== Entity Sound Effect ====
+
==== Map Data ====
  
Plays a sound effect from an entity.
+
Updates a rectangular area on a {{Minecraft Wiki|map}} item.
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 490: Line 432:
 
  ! State
 
  ! State
 
  ! Bound To
 
  ! Bound To
  ! Field Name
+
  !colspan="2"| Field Name
  ! Field Type
+
  !colspan="2"| Field Type
 
  ! Notes
 
  ! Notes
 
  |-
 
  |-
  |rowspan="5"| 0x4E
+
  |rowspan="18"| {{change|0x25|0x26}}
  |rowspan="5"| Play
+
  |rowspan="18"| Play
  |rowspan="5"| Client
+
  |rowspan="18"| Client
  | Sound ID
+
  |colspan="2"| Map ID
  | VarInt
+
  |colspan="2"| VarInt
  | ID of hardcoded sound event ([https://pokechu22.github.io/Burger/1.13.2.html#sounds events] as of 1.13.2)
+
  | Map ID of the map being modified
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Scale
 +
|colspan="2"| Byte
 +
| From 0 for a fully zoomed-in map (1 block per pixel) to 4 for a fully zoomed-out map (16 blocks per pixel)
 +
|- {{removed}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Tracking Position
 +
|colspan="2"| Boolean
 +
| Specifies whether player and item frame icons are shown
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Locked
 +
|colspan="2"| Boolean
 +
| True if the map has been locked in a cartography table
 +
|-
 +
|- {{added}}
 +
|colspan="2"| Tracking Position
 +
|colspan="2"| Boolean
 +
| Specifies whether player and item frame icons are shown
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Icon Count
 +
|colspan="2"| VarInt
 +
| Number of elements in the following array. {{change||Only present if "Tracking Position" is true.}}
 +
|-
 +
|rowspan="6"| Icon
 +
| Type
 +
|rowspan="6"| Array
 +
| VarInt enum
 +
| See below
 +
|-
 +
| X
 +
| Byte
 +
| Map coordinates: -128 for furthest left, +127 for furthest right
 +
|-
 +
| Z
 +
| Byte
 +
| Map coordinates: -128 for highest, +127 for lowest
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Sound Category
+
  | Direction
  | VarInt Enum
+
  | Byte
  | The category that this sound will be played from ([https://gist.github.com/konwboj/7c0c380d3923443e9d55 current categories])
+
  | 0-15
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Entity ID
+
  | Has Display Name
  | VarInt
+
  | Boolean
 
  |
 
  |
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Volume
+
  | Display Name
  | Float
+
  | Optional [[Chat]]
  | 1.0 is 100%, capped between 0.0 and 1.0 by Notchian clients
+
  | Only present if previous Boolean is true
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Columns
 +
|colspan="2"| Unsigned Byte
 +
| Number of columns updated
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Rows
 +
|colspan="2"| Optional Byte
 +
| Only if Columns is more than 0; number of rows updated
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Pitch
+
  |colspan="2"| X
  | Float
+
|colspan="2"| Optional Byte
  | Float between 0.5 and 2.0 by Notchian clients
+
| Only if Columns is more than 0; x offset of the westernmost column
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Z
 +
|colspan="2"| Optional Byte
 +
| Only if Columns is more than 0; z offset of the northernmost row
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Length
 +
  |colspan="2"| Optional VarInt
 +
  | Only if Columns is more than 0; length of the following array
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="2"| Data
 +
|colspan="2"| Optional Array of Unsigned Byte
 +
| Only if Columns is more than 0; see {{Minecraft Wiki|Map item format}}
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
==== Tags ====
+
For icons, a direction of 0 is a vertical icon and increments by 22.5&deg; (360/16).
 +
 
 +
Types are based off of rows and columns in <code>map_icons.png</code>:
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Packet ID
 
! State
 
! Bound To
 
! Field Name
 
! Field Type
 
! Notes
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  |rowspan="4"| {{Change|0x55|0x56}}
+
! Icon type
  |rowspan="4"| Play
+
! Result
  |rowspan="4"| Client
+
|-
  | Block Tags
+
| 0
  | (See below)
+
| White arrow (players)
  | IDs are block IDs
+
|-
 +
| 1
 +
| Green arrow (item frames)
 +
|-
 +
| 2
 +
| Red arrow
 +
|-
 +
| 3
 +
| Blue arrow
 +
|-
 +
  | 4
 +
| White cross
 +
|-
 +
| 5
 +
  | Red pointer
 +
|-
 +
| 6
 +
  | White circle (off-map players)
 +
|-
 +
  | 7
 +
  | Small white circle (far-off-map players)
 +
  |-
 +
| 8
 +
| Mansion
 +
|-
 +
| 9
 +
| Temple
 +
|-
 +
| 10
 +
| White Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 11
 +
| Orange Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 12
 +
| Magenta Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 13
 +
| Light Blue Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 14
 +
| Yellow Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 15
 +
| Lime Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 16
 +
| Pink Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 17
 +
| Gray Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 18
 +
| Light Gray Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 19
 +
| Cyan Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 20
 +
| Purple Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 21
 +
| Blue Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 22
 +
| Brown Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 23
 +
| Green Banner
 +
|-
 +
| 24
 +
| Red Banner
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Item Tags
+
  | 25
  | (See below)
+
  | Black Banner
| IDs are item IDs
 
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Fluid Tags
+
  | 26
  | (See below)
+
  | Treasure marker
| IDs are fluid IDs
 
|- {{added}}
 
| Entity Tags
 
| (See below)
 
| IDs are entity type IDs
 
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
==== Update Light ====
 
  
Updates light levels for a chunk.
+
 
 +
==== Resource Pack Send ====
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 560: Line 618:
 
  ! Notes
 
  ! Notes
 
  |-
 
  |-
  |rowspan="8"| 0x57
+
  |rowspan="3"| {{change|0x38|0x39}}
  |rowspan="8"| Play
+
  |rowspan="3"| Play
  |rowspan="8"| Client
+
  |rowspan="3"| Client
  | Chunk X
+
  | URL
  | VarInt
+
  | String (32767)
  | Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
+
  | The URL to the resource pack.
 
  |-
 
  |-
  | Chunk Z
+
  | Hash
  | VarInt
+
  | String (40)
| Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)  
+
  | A 40 character hexadecimal and lowercase [[wikipedia:SHA-1|SHA-1]] hash of the resource pack file. (must be lower case in order to work)<br />If it's not a 40 character hexadecimal string, the client will not use it for hash verification and likely waste bandwidth — but it will still treat it as a unique id
  |-
+
  |- {{Added}}
| Sky Light Mask
+
  | Forced
| VarInt
+
  | Boolean
| Mask containing 18 bits, with the lowest bit corresponding to chunk section -1 (in the void, y=-16 to y=-1) and the highest bit for chunk section 16 (above the world, y=256 to y=271)
+
  | The notchian client will be forced to use the ressource pack from the server. If they decline they will be kicked from the server.
|-
 
| Block Light Mask
 
| VarInt
 
| Mask containing 18 bits, with the same order as sky light
 
|-
 
| Empty Sky Light Mask
 
| VarInt
 
| Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their sky light values.  If a section is set in both this mask and the main sky light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the sky light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks).  If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the sky light arrays.
 
|-
 
| Empty Block Light Mask
 
| VarInt
 
| Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their block light values.  If a section is set in both this mask and the main block light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the block light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks).  If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the block light arrays.
 
  |-
 
  | Sky Light arrays
 
  | Array of arrays of 2048 bytes
 
  | There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the sky light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.
 
|-
 
| Block Light arrays
 
| Array of arrays of 2048 bytes
 
| There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the block light mask, starting with the lowest value.  Half a byte per light value.
 
 
  |}
 
  |}
  
Individual block or sky light arrays are is given for each block with increasing x coordinates, within rows of increasing z coordinates, within layers of increasing y coordinates. Even-indexed items (those with an even x coordinate, starting at 0) are packed into the low bits, odd-indexed into the high bits.
 
  
 
=== Serverbound ===
 
=== Serverbound ===
Line 627: Line 664:
 
  | Protocol Version
 
  | Protocol Version
 
  | VarInt
 
  | VarInt
  | See [[protocol version numbers]] (currently {{change|404|447}})
+
  | See [[protocol version numbers]] (currently {{change|754|1073741832}})
 
  |-
 
  |-
 
  | Server Address
 
  | Server Address
 
  | String
 
  | String
  | Hostname or IP, e.g. localhost or 127.0.0.1, that was used to connect. The Notchian server does not use this information.
+
  | Hostname or IP, e.g. localhost or 127.0.0.1, that was used to connect. The Notchian server does not use this information. Note that SRV records are a complete redirect, e.g. if _minecraft._tcp.example.com points to mc.example.org, users connecting to example.com will provide mc.example.org as server address in addition to connecting to it.
 
  |-  
 
  |-  
 
  | Server Port
 
  | Server Port

Latest revision as of 20:35, 2 December 2020

This page documents the changes from the last stable Minecraft release (currently 1.16.4, protocol 754) to the current pre-release (currently 20w49a, protocol 1073741832). Note that this page contains bleeding-edge information that may not be completely or correctly documented.

One who wishes to commandeer the merging of this into Protocol when an update is made must be sure to respect any changes that may have occurred to the respective packets there.

Contents

Data types

No changes so far.

Packets

ID Packet name Documentation
Play clientbound
0x05 Unknown Pre
0x05 0x06 Entity Animation (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x06 0x07 Statistics Current (unchanged)
0x07 0x08 Acknowledge Player Digging Current (unchanged)
0x08 0x09 Block Break Animation Current (unchanged)
0x09 0x0A Block Entity Data Current (unchanged)
0x0A 0x0B Block Action Current (unchanged)
0x0B 0x0C Block Change Current (unchanged)
0x0C 0x0D Boss Bar Current (unchanged)
0x0D 0x0E Server Difficulty Current (unchanged)
0x0E 0x0F Chat Message (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x0F 0x10 Tab-Complete (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x10 0x11 Declare Commands Current (unchanged)
0x11 0x12 Window Confirmation (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x12 0x13 Close Window (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x13 0x14 Window Items Current (unchanged)
0x14 0x15 Window Property Current (unchanged)
0x15 0x16 Set Slot Current (unchanged)
0x16 0x17 Set Cooldown Current (unchanged)
0x17 0x18 Plugin Message (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x18 0x19 Named Sound Effect Current (unchanged)
0x19 0x1A Disconnect (play) Current (unchanged)
0x1A 0x1B Entity Status Current (unchanged)
0x1B 0x1C Explosion Current (unchanged)
0x1C 0x1D Unload Chunk Current (unchanged)
0x1D 0x1E Change Game State Current (unchanged)
0x1E 0x1F Open Horse Window Current (unchanged)
0x1F 0x20 Keep Alive (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x20 0x21 Chunk Data Current Pre
0x21 0x22 Effect Current (unchanged)
0x22 0x23 Particle Current (unchanged)
0x23 0x24 Update Light Current Pre
0x24 0x25 Join Game Current (unchanged)
0x25 0x26 Map Data Current Pre
0x26 0x27 Trade List Current (unchanged)
0x27 0x28 Entity Position Current (unchanged)
0x28 0x29 Entity Position and Rotation Current (unchanged)
0x29 0x2A Entity Rotation Current (unchanged)
0x2A 0x2B Entity Movement Current (unchanged)
0x2B 0x2C Vehicle Move (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x2C 0x2D Open Book Current (unchanged)
0x2D 0x2E Open Window Current (unchanged)
0x2E 0x2F Open Sign Editor Current (unchanged)
0x2F 0x30 Craft Recipe Response Current (unchanged)
0x30 0x31 Player Abilities (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x31 0x32 Combat Event Current (unchanged)
0x32 0x33 Player Info Current (unchanged)
0x33 0x34 Face Player Current (unchanged)
0x34 0x35 Player Position And Look (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x35 0x36 Unlock Recipes Current (unchanged)
0x36 0x37 Destroy Entities Current (unchanged)
0x37 0x38 Remove Entity Effect Current (unchanged)
0x38 0x39 Resource Pack Send Current Pre
0x39 0x3A Respawn Current (unchanged)
0x3A 0x3B Entity Head Look Current (unchanged)
0x3B 0x3C Multi Block Change Current (unchanged)
0x3C 0x3D Select Advancement Tab Current (unchanged)
0x3D 0x3E World Border Current (unchanged)
0x3E 0x3F Camera Current (unchanged)
0x3F 0x40 Held Item Change (clientbound) Current (unchanged)
0x40 0x41 Update View Position Current (unchanged)
0x41 0x42 Update View Distance Current (unchanged)
0x42 0x43 Spawn Position Current (unchanged)
0x43 0x44 Display Scoreboard Current (unchanged)
0x44 0x45 Entity Metadata Current (unchanged)
0x45 0x46 Attach Entity Current (unchanged)
0x46 0x47 Entity Velocity Current (unchanged)
0x47 0x48 Entity Equipment Current (unchanged)
0x48 0x49 Set Experience Current (unchanged)
0x49 0x4A Update Health Current (unchanged)
0x4A 0x4B Scoreboard Objective Current (unchanged)
0x4B 0x4C Set Passengers Current (unchanged)
0x4C 0x4D Teams Current (unchanged)
0x4D 0x4E Update Score Current (unchanged)
0x4E 0x4F Time Update Current (unchanged)
0x4F 0x50 Title Current (unchanged)
0x50 0x51 Entity Sound Effect Current (unchanged)
0x51 0x52 Sound Effect Current (unchanged)
0x52 0x53 Stop Sound Current (unchanged)
0x53 0x54 Player List Header And Footer Current (unchanged)
0x54 0x55 NBT Query Response Current (unchanged)
0x55 0x56 Collect Item Current (unchanged)
0x56 0x57 Entity Teleport Current (unchanged)
0x57 0x58 Advancements Current (unchanged)
0x58 0x59 Entity Properties Current (unchanged)
0x59 0x5A Entity Effect Current (unchanged)
0x5A 0x5B Declare Recipes Current (unchanged)
0x5B 0x5C Tags Current (unchanged)
Handshaking serverbound
0x00 Handshake Current Pre

New/modified data types

No changes so far.

Entity Metadata

Warning.png Note that other entities have had metadata shifts due to these changes, not shown here.

Entity

The base class.

Index Type Meaning Default
0 Byte Bit mask Meaning 0
0x01 Is on fire
0x02 Is crouching
0x04 Unused (previously riding)
0x08 Is sprinting
0x10 Is swimming
0x20 Is invisible
0x40 has glowing effect
0x80 Is flying with an elytra
1 VarInt Air ticks 300
2 OptChat Custom name empty
3 Boolean Is custom name visible false
4 Boolean Is silent false
5 Boolean Has no gravity false
6 Pose Pose STANDING
7 VarInt Ticks frozen in powdered snow 0

Block Actions

No changes so far.

Inventories

No changes so far.

Plugin Channels

No changes so far.

Play

Clientbound

Unknown

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x05 Play Client Position Position
Identifier
Unknown Varies, may be a different data structure in different contexts
VarInt

Chunk Data

Main article: Chunk Format
See also: #Unload Chunk
Huh.png The following information needs to be added to this page:
How do biomes work now? The biome change happened at the same time as the seed change, but it's not clear how/if biomes could be computed given that it's not the actual seed... (/r/mojira discussion which notes that it seems to be some kind of interpolation, and 3D biomes are only used in the nether)

The server only sends skylight information for chunk pillars in the Overworld, it's up to the client to know in which dimension the player is currently located. You can also infer this information from the primary bitmask and the amount of uncompressed bytes sent. This packet also sends all block entities in the chunk (though sending them is not required; it is still legal to send them with Update Block Entity later).

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x20 0x21 Play Client Chunk X Int Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Chunk Z Int Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Full chunk Boolean See Chunk Format
Primary Bit Mask VarInt Bitmask with bits set to 1 for every 16×16×16 chunk section whose data is included in Data. The least significant bit represents the chunk section at the bottom of the chunk column (from y=0 to y=15).
Heightmaps NBT Compound containing one long array named MOTION_BLOCKING, which is a heightmap for the highest solid block at each position in the chunk (as a compacted long array with 256 entries at 9 bits per entry totaling 36 longs). The Notchian server also adds a WORLD_SURFACE long array, the purpose of which is unknown, but it's not required for the chunk to be accepted.
Biomes length Optional VarInt Size of the following array. Not present if full chunk is false.
Biomes Optional array of VarInt 1024 biome IDs, ordered by x then z then y, in 4×4×4 blocks.Possibly something else. Not present if full chunk is false.
Size VarInt Size of Data in bytes
Data Byte array See data structure in Chunk Format
Number of block entities VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Block entities Array of NBT Tag All block entities in the chunk. Use the x, y, and z tags in the NBT to determine their positions.

Note that the Notchian client requires an Update View Position packet when it crosses a chunk border, otherwise it'll only display render distance + 2 chunks around the chunk it spawned in.

The compacted array format has been adjusted so that individual entries no longer span across multiple longs, affecting the main data array and heightmaps.

New format, 5 bits per block, containing the following references to blocks in a palette (not shown): 122344566480743131516914101202

0020863148418841 0000000000100000100001100011000101001000010000011000100001000001
01018A7260F68C87 0000000100000001100010100111001001100000111101101000110010000111


Update Light

Updates light levels for a chunk.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x23 0x24 Play Client Chunk X VarInt Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Chunk Z VarInt Chunk coordinate (block coordinate divided by 16, rounded down)
Trust Edges Boolean If edges should be trusted for light updates.
Sky Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, with the lowest bit corresponding to chunk section -1 (in the void, y=-16 to y=-1) and the highest bit for chunk section 16 (above the world, y=256 to y=271)
Block Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, with the same order as sky light
Empty Sky Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their sky light values. If a section is set in both this mask and the main sky light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the sky light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks). If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the sky light arrays.
Empty Block Light Mask VarInt Mask containing 18 bits, which indicates sections that have 0 for all their block light values. If a section is set in both this mask and the main block light mask, it is ignored for this mask and it is included in the block light arrays (the notchian server does not create such masks). If it is only set in this mask, it is not included in the block light arrays.
Length 1 VarInt Length of the following array
Array 1 Array of Long Unknown
Length 2 VarInt Length of the following array
Array 2 Array of Long Unknown
Length 3 VarInt Length of the following array
Array 3 Array of Long Unknown
Length 4 VarInt Length of the following array
Array 4 Array of Long Unknown
Sky Light array count VarInt Number of entries in the following array
Sky Light arrays Length Array VarInt Length of the following array in bytes (always 2048)
Sky Light array Array of 2048 bytes There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the sky light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.
Block Light array count VarInt Number of entries in the following array
Block Light arrays Length Array VarInt Length of the following array in bytes (always 2048)
Block Light array Array of 2048 bytes There is 1 array for each bit set to true in the block light mask, starting with the lowest value. Half a byte per light value.


Map Data

Updates a rectangular area on a map item.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x25 0x26 Play Client Map ID VarInt Map ID of the map being modified
Scale Byte From 0 for a fully zoomed-in map (1 block per pixel) to 4 for a fully zoomed-out map (16 blocks per pixel)
Tracking Position Boolean Specifies whether player and item frame icons are shown
Locked Boolean True if the map has been locked in a cartography table
Tracking Position Boolean Specifies whether player and item frame icons are shown
Icon Count VarInt Number of elements in the following array. Only present if "Tracking Position" is true.
Icon Type Array VarInt enum See below
X Byte Map coordinates: -128 for furthest left, +127 for furthest right
Z Byte Map coordinates: -128 for highest, +127 for lowest
Direction Byte 0-15
Has Display Name Boolean
Display Name Optional Chat Only present if previous Boolean is true
Columns Unsigned Byte Number of columns updated
Rows Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; number of rows updated
X Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; x offset of the westernmost column
Z Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; z offset of the northernmost row
Length Optional VarInt Only if Columns is more than 0; length of the following array
Data Optional Array of Unsigned Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; see Map item format

For icons, a direction of 0 is a vertical icon and increments by 22.5° (360/16).

Types are based off of rows and columns in map_icons.png:

Icon type Result
0 White arrow (players)
1 Green arrow (item frames)
2 Red arrow
3 Blue arrow
4 White cross
5 Red pointer
6 White circle (off-map players)
7 Small white circle (far-off-map players)
8 Mansion
9 Temple
10 White Banner
11 Orange Banner
12 Magenta Banner
13 Light Blue Banner
14 Yellow Banner
15 Lime Banner
16 Pink Banner
17 Gray Banner
18 Light Gray Banner
19 Cyan Banner
20 Purple Banner
21 Blue Banner
22 Brown Banner
23 Green Banner
24 Red Banner
25 Black Banner
26 Treasure marker


Resource Pack Send

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x38 0x39 Play Client URL String (32767) The URL to the resource pack.
Hash String (40) A 40 character hexadecimal and lowercase SHA-1 hash of the resource pack file. (must be lower case in order to work)
If it's not a 40 character hexadecimal string, the client will not use it for hash verification and likely waste bandwidth — but it will still treat it as a unique id
Forced Boolean The notchian client will be forced to use the ressource pack from the server. If they decline they will be kicked from the server.


Serverbound

No changes so far.

Handshaking

Clientbound

There are no clientbound packets in the Handshaking state, since the protocol immediately switches to a different state after the client sends the first packet.

Serverbound

Handshake

This causes the server to switch into the target state.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x00 Handshaking Server Protocol Version VarInt See protocol version numbers (currently 754 1073741832)
Server Address String Hostname or IP, e.g. localhost or 127.0.0.1, that was used to connect. The Notchian server does not use this information. Note that SRV records are a complete redirect, e.g. if _minecraft._tcp.example.com points to mc.example.org, users connecting to example.com will provide mc.example.org as server address in addition to connecting to it.
Server Port Unsigned Short Default is 25565. The Notchian server does not use this information.
Next State VarInt Enum 1 for status, 2 for login

Status

Clientbound

No changes so far.

Serverbound

No changes so far.

Login

Clientbound

No changes so far.

Serverbound

No changes so far.