Pre-release protocol

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This page documents the changes from the last stable Minecraft release (currently 1.10.2, protocol 210) to the current pre-release (currently 16w39b, protocol 308). Note that this page contains bleeding-edge information that may not be completely or correctly documented.

One who wishes to commandeer the merging of this into Protocol when an update is made must be sure to respect any changes that may have occurred to the respective packets there.


Data types

No changes so far.


No changes so far.

ID Packet name Documentation
Handshaking serverbound
0x00 Handshake Current Pre
Play clientbound
0x03 Spawn Mob Current Pre
0x0E Tab-Complete (clientbound) Current Pre
0x1B Entity Status Current Pre
0x24 Map Current Pre
0x48 Collect Item Current Pre
Play serverbound
0x02 Chat Message (serverbound) Current Pre

New/modified data types


Objects are spawned via Spawn Object. See Object Data for more details.

ID Name x, z y
1 Boat 1.5 0.6
2 Item Stack (Slot) 0.25 0.25
3 Area Effect Cloud ? ?
10 Minecart 0.98 0.7
50 Activated TNT 0.98 0.98
51 EnderCrystal 2.0 2.0
60 Tipped arrow (projectile; also used for regular arrows) 0.5 0.5
61 Snowball (projectile) 0.25 0.25
62 Egg (projectile) 0.25 0.25
63 FireBall (ghast projectile) 1.0 1.0
64 FireCharge (blaze projectile) 0.3125 0.3125
65 Thrown Enderpearl 0.25 0.25
66 Wither Skull (projectile) 0.3125 0.3125
67 Shulker Bullet 0.3125 0.3125
68 Llama spit 0.25 0.25
70 Falling Objects 0.98 0.98
71 Item frames varies varies
72 Eye of Ender 0.25 0.25
73 Thrown Potion 0.25 0.25
75 Thrown Exp Bottle 0.25 0.25
76 Firework Rocket 0.25 0.25
77 Leash Knot 0.5 0.5
78 ArmorStand 0.5 2.0
79 Evocation Fangs 0.8 0.5
90 Fishing Float 0.25 0.25
91 Spectral Arrow 0.5 0.5
93 Dragon Fireball 0.3125 0.3125

Since release 1.6, all minecarts are spawned with object type 10 and their functionality is then specified in the Data field within the packet. Also, their visual appearance may be sent via the Entity Metadata packet.


Mobs are spawned via Spawn Mob. There are two extra mob types in the code that refer to mobs classes that can never spawn: Mob and Monster (they are always subclasses, aka another more specific type).

Type Name x, z y ID
4 ElderGuardian 0.85 0.85 minecraft:elder_guardian
5 WitherSkeleton 0.7 2.4 minecraft:wither_skeleton
6 Stray 0.6 1.99 minecraft:stray
23 Husk 0.6 1.95 minecraft:husk
27 ZombieVillager 0.6 1.95 minecraft:zombie_villager
28 SkeletonHorse 1.396484 1.6 minecraft:skeleton_horse
29 ZombieHorse 1.396484 1.6 minecraft:zombie_horse
31 Donkey 1.396484 1.6 minecraft:donkey
32 Mule 1.396484 1.6 minecraft:mule
33 EvocationFangs 0.5 0.8 minecraft:evocation_fangs
34 EvocationIllager 0.6 1.95 minecraft:evocation_illager
35 Vex 0.4 0.8 minecraft:vex
36 VindicationIllager 0.6 1.95 minecraft:vindication_illager
48 Mob N/A N/A N/A
49 Monster N/A N/A N/A
50 Creeper 0.6 1.7 minecraft:creeper
51 Skeleton 0.6 1.99 minecraft:skeleton
52 Spider 1.4 0.9 minecraft:spider
53 Giant Zombie Giant 0.6 * 6 1.8 * 6 minecraft:giant
54 Zombie 0.6 1.8 minecraft:zombie
55 Slime 0.51000005 * size 0.51000005 * size minecraft:slime
56 Ghast 4 4 minecraft:ghast
57 Zombie Pigman PigZombie 0.6 1.8 minecraft:zombie_pigman
58 Enderman 0.6 2.9 minecraft:enderman
59 Cave Spider CaveSpider 0.7 0.5 minecraft:cave_spider
60 Silverfish 0.4 0.3 minecraft:silverfish
61 Blaze 0.6 1.8 minecraft:blaze
62 Magma Cube LavaSlime 0.51000005 * size 0.51000005 * size minecraft:magma_cube
63 Ender Dragon EnderDragon 16.0 8.0 minecraft:ender_dragon
64 Wither WitherBoss 0.9 3.5 minecraft:wither
65 Bat 0.5 0.9 minecraft:bat
66 Witch 0.6 1.8 minecraft:witch
67 Endermite 0.4 0.3 minecraft:endermite
68 Guardian 0.85 0.85 minecraft:guardian
69 Shulker 1 1 minecraft:shulker
90 Pig 0.9 0.9 minecraft:pig
91 Sheep 0.9 1.3 minecraft:sheep
92 Cow 0.9 1.4 minecraft:cow
93 Chicken 0.4 0.7 minecraft:chicken
94 Squid 0.8 0.8 minecraft:squid
95 Wolf 0.6 0.85 minecraft:wolf
96 Mooshroom MushroomCow 0.9 1.3 minecraft:mooshroom
97 Snowman SnowMan 0.7 1.9 minecraft:snowman
98 Ocelot Ozelot 0.6 0.8 minecraft:ocelot
99 Iron Golem VillagerGolem 1.4 2.7 minecraft:villager_golem
100 EntityHorse Horse 1.396484 1.6 minecraft:horse
101 Rabbit 0.4 0.5 minecraft:rabbit
102 Polar Bear PolarBear 1.3 1.4 minecraft:polar_bear
103 Llama 1.3964844 1.87 minecraft:llama
120 Villager 0.6 1.95 minecraft:villager

Entity Metadata


Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning
12 Byte Unknown (Probably hands up animation)


Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning
12 Byte Bit mask Meaning
0x01 Attack state


Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning
12 Byte Bit mask Meaning
0x01 Is attacking?


Extends Entity.


Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning
12 Boolean Is swinging arms


Extends AbstractSkeleton.

Index Type Meaning
12 VarInt Type (Normal = 0, Wither = 1, Stray = 2)
13 Boolean Is swinging arms (Used to animate arms for melee attacks; only used when the skeleton does not have a bow in its hand)

Wither Skeleton

Extends AbstractSkeleton.


Extends AbstractSkeleton.


Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning
12 Boolean Is baby
13 VarInt Zombie type (0 for zombie, profession+1 for villagers, 6 for Husk) Unused
14 Boolean Is converting
15 14 Boolean Are hands held up

Zombie Villager

Extends Zombie.

Index Type Meaning
15 Boolean Is converting
16 VarInt Profession


Extends Zombie.


Extends Monster.

Index Type Meaning
12 Byte Bit mask Meaning
0x02 is retracting spikes
0x04 is elderly
12 Boolean Is retracting spikes
13 VarInt Target EID


Extends Guardian.


Extends Animal.

Index Type Meaning
13 Byte Bit mask Meaning
0x01 Unused
0x02 Is Tame
0x04 Is saddled
0x08 Has Chest
0x10 Is Bred (not used on the Notchian server; controlled via the unused Bred NBT flag)
0x20 Is eating
0x40 Is rearing (on hind legs)
0x80 Is mouth open
14 OptUUID Owner


Extends AbstractHorse.

Index Type Meaning
15 VarInt Variant (Color & Style)
16 VarInt Armor


Extends AbstractHorse.


Extends AbstractHorse.


Extends AbstractHorse.

Index Type Meaning
15 Boolean Has Chest


Extends ChestedHorse.


Extends ChestedHorse.

Index Type Meaning
16 Integer Strength (number of rows in the llama inventory???)
17 Integer Carpet color (a dye color, or -1 if no carpet equipped)
18 Integer Variant (0: llama_creamy.png, 1: llama_white.png, 2: llama_brown.png, 3: llama_gray.png)


Extends ChestedHorse.


Extends Golem.

Index Type Meaning
12 Direction Facing direction
13 OptPosition Attachment position
14 Byte Shield height
15 Byte Color (dye color, default of pink (verify this, shouldn't it be purple?))


Window Type Description
minecraft:chest Chest, large chest, or minecart with chest
minecraft:crafting_table Crafting table
minecraft:furnace Furnace
minecraft:dispenser Dispenser
minecraft:enchanting_table Enchantment table
minecraft:brewing_stand Brewing stand
minecraft:villager Villager
minecraft:beacon Beacon
minecraft:anvil Anvil
minecraft:hopper Hopper or minecart with hopper
minecraft:dropper Dropper
minecraft:shulker_box Shulker box
EntityHorse Horse, donkey, or mule, or Llama

Shulker box

Shulker box slots

This is the window that is opened when the player right-clicks on a shulker box chest.

Slot range Description
0–26 box slots
27–53 main inventory
54–62 hotbar


The inventory that appears when a tamed llama is right-clicked and has a chest, or when the player's inventory is opened while riding a tamed llama. Depending on the value of the strength field, the number of chest rows may vary (max is 5, so 15 slots).

Warning.png There still is a saddle slot, even though it cannot be used and is invisible.

Slot range Description
0 saddle
1 carpet
2-(2+3*Strength) llama inventory
... player inventory
... hotbar



No changes so far.



This causes the server to switch into the target state.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x00 Handshaking Server Protocol Version VarInt See protocol version numbers (currently 210 308)
Server Address String Hostname or IP, e.g. localhost or, that was used to connect. The Notchian server does not use this information.
Server Port Unsigned Short Default is 25565. The Notchian server does not use this information.
Next State VarInt Enum 1 for status, 2 for login



Spawn Mob

Sent by the server when a mob entity is spawned.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x03 Play Client Entity ID VarInt
Type Unsigned Byte VarInt The type of mob. See Entities#Mobs
X Double
Y Double
Z Double
Yaw Angle
Pitch Angle
Head Pitch Angle
Velocity X Short Same units as Entity Velocity
Velocity Y Short Same units as Entity Velocity
Velocity Z Short Same units as Entity Velocity
Metadata Entity Metadata

Tab-Complete (clientbound)

The server responds with a list of auto-completions of the last word sent to it. In the case of regular chat, this is a player username. Command names and parameters are also supported. The client lists these in the order that they are in the array. The client sorts these alphabetically before listing them.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x0E Play Client Count VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Matches Array of String One eligible command, note that each command is sent separately instead of in a single string, hence the need for Count

Entity Status

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x1B Play Client Entity ID Int
Entity Status Byte Enum See below
Entity Status Meaning
0 Spawn tipped arrow particle effects
1 Reset a mob spawner minecart's timer (unused by the client?)
1 Create rabbit running particles
2 Entity hurt animation
3 Entity died animation
4 Iron Golem throwing up arms
6 Wolf/Ocelot/Horse taming — Spawn “heart” particles
7 Wolf/Ocelot/Horse tamed — Spawn “smoke” particles
8 Wolf shaking water — Trigger the shaking animation
9 Mark item use as finished (ie, eating finished, drinking finished)
10 Sheep eating grass
10 Ignite TNT minecart
11 Iron Golem handing over a rose
12 Villager mating — Spawn “heart” particles
13 Spawn particles indicating that a villager is angry and seeking revenge
14 Spawn happy particles near a villager
15 Witch animation — Spawn “magic” particles
16 Play zombie converting into a villager sound
17 Firework exploding
18 Animal in love (ready to mate) — Spawn “heart” particles
19 Reset squid rotation
20 Spawn explosion particle — works for some living entities
21 Play guardian sound — works for every entity
22 Enables reduced debug for the given player
23 Disables reduced debug for the given player
24–28 Sets the op permission level 0–4 for the connected player
29 Shield block sound
30 Shield break sound
31 For a fishing rod bobber, if the hooked entity is this player, tug that player toward the caster of the rod
32 Armorstand hit sound
33 Entity hurt due to thorns (play thorns sound, perform normal hurt animation)
35 Plays the Totem of Undying animation


Updates a rectangular area on a map item.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x24 Play Client Item Damage VarInt The damage value (map ID) of the map being modified
Scale Byte From 0 for a fully zoomed-in map (1 block per pixel) to 4 for a fully zoomed-out map (16 blocks per pixel)
Tracking Position Boolean Specifies whether the icons are shown
Icon Count VarInt Number of elements in the following array
Icon Direction And Type Array Byte 0xF0 = Direction, 0x0F = Type
X Byte
Z Byte
Columns Byte Number of columns updated
Rows Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; number of rows updated
X Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; x offset of the westernmost column
Z Optional Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; z offset of the northernmost row
Length Optional VarInt Only if Columns is more than 0; length of the following array
Data Optional Array of Unsigned Byte Only if Columns is more than 0; see Map item format

For icons, a direction of 0 is a vertical icon and increments by 22.5° (360/16).

Types are based off of rows and columns in map_icons.png:

Icon type Result
0 White arrow (players)
1 Green arrow (item frames)
2 Red arrow
3 Blue arrow
4 White cross
5 Red pointer
6 White circle (off-map players)
7 Small white circle (far-off-map players)
8 Mansion
9 Temple
10-15 Unused (blue square)

Collect Item

Sent by the server when someone picks up an item lying on the ground — its sole purpose appears to be the animation of the item flying towards you. It doesn't destroy the entity in the client memory, and it doesn't add it to your inventory. The server only checks for items to be picked up after each Player Position (and Player Position And Look) packet sent by the client.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x48 Play Client Collected Entity ID VarInt
Collector Entity ID VarInt
Pickup Item Count VarInt Seems to be 1 for XP orbs, otherwise the number of items in the stack.


Chat Message (serverbound)

Used to send a chat message to the server. The message may not be longer than 100 256 characters or else the server will kick the client.

If the message starts with a /, the server will attempt to interpret it as a command. Otherwise, the server will broadcast the same chat message to all players on the server (including the player that sent the message), prepended with player's name. Specifically, it will respond with a translate chat component, "chat.type.text" with the first parameter set to the display name of the player (including some chat component logic to support clicking the name to send a PM) and the second parameter set to the message.

Packet ID State Bound To Field Name Field Type Notes
0x02 Play Server Message String The client sends the raw input, not a Chat component



No changes so far.


No changes so far.



No changes so far.


No changes so far.